Nā kūlanakauhale nani o Toledo

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Inā mākou e noʻonoʻo i kahi huakaʻi ma o ka na kulanakauhale nani o Toledo, pono mākou e koho no ka mea he nui. ʻO kēia panalāʻau Castilian ʻo La Mancha he ʻano hanohano i hoʻomalu ʻia e ka Montes de Toledo a me ka Nā muliwai ʻo Tagus a me Tiétar, ka mea e pau ai ke alakai ana i ka mua.

Akā, ma luna o nā mea a pau, he mau kūlanakauhale nani ko ka pāpū ʻo Toledo i piha i ka mōʻaukala a me nā monuments. Pēlā nō, loaʻa iā ia nā ʻāina me nā aʻa palapala hohonu, ʻoiai ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e poina i ka mea like ʻole Don Quixote ua nui kona mau hana ma keia mau aina. Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau mea i kahi ʻāina āu e ʻike pono ai. I loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi alakaʻi, e hōʻike ana mākou i kā mākou koho ʻana i nā kūlanakauhale nani o Toledo.

ʻO ka Puebla de Montalbán

ʻO ka Puebla de Montalbán

ʻO Plaza Meia o La Puebla de Montalbán

Inā mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā leo moʻokalaleo, ʻo kēia kūlanakauhale ka moena o ʻO Fernando de Rojaska mea nāna i kākau ʻO La Celestina. No ka ʻāpana o Torrijos, kokoke i ke kikowaena o ka panalaau, a i ke awawa momona o Tagus.

Akā kū ʻo La Puebla no kāna hoʻoilina hoʻoilina nui. ʻOiai ke kikowaena nerve ka Kaha Nui, ʻo Castilian maʻamau, kahi āu e ʻike ai i ka hale pule o ko mākou Lede o ka Maluhia, ʻo ia ka Gothic hoʻololi i ka Renaissance. E loaʻa nō hoʻi iā ʻoe ma ka pā hale ka hale o ka Hale Kaona a me ka Hale Aliʻi o nā Helu o Montalbán, kahi hana hoʻonani Renaissance me nā pā Plateresque.

Ke aʻo aku nei mākou iā ʻoe e kipa ma kēia kūlanakauhale i nā hermitages o Nuestra Señora de la Soledad a me Santísimo Cristo de la Caridad, ʻo ka baroque ka mua a me ka papa mele lua; ka halepule Franciscan a me ka Conceptionist nuns a me ka Halekiai o Sana Mikaela, koena o kahi halepule kahiko, ʻo ia kekahi o nā hōʻailona o ke kūlanakauhale.

Akā, pono ʻoe e kipa, pololei, i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Celestine e hoʻomaopopo pono i ka mea kākau a me ke ʻano pilikanaka o kēia hana nui o kā mākou mau leka. Eia kekahi, e haʻalele ana iā La Puebla, loaʻa iā ʻoe ka Alahaka ʻo Tagus, mai ka XNUMXth century, a, ma kahi o ewalu kilomika ka mamao, e ike oe i ka mea kupanaha ʻO Burujon Canyons, nā hoʻokumu pālolo capricious e hoʻomanaʻo iā ʻoe i ka Grand Canyon o Colorado.

Orgaz, kekahi o na kulanakauhale nani o Toledo

Kakela ʻo Orgas

ʻO Castillo de Orgaz, kekahi o nā kauhale nani loa ma Toledo

Aia ma ka wāwae o ka Sierra de Yébenes a ma ka ʻāina ʻo Sisla E ʻike ʻoe i kēia kūlanakauhale nani a mākou e hoʻokomo pū ai i nā kūlanakauhale nani o Toledo no kāna hoʻoilina monumental.

No ka hoʻomaka ʻana i kāu huakaʻi iā Orgas, hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa i ka Kaha Nui, akā ʻo ka halepule o Santo Tomás Apostol, kūkulu ʻia e ʻO Alberto de Churriguerra i ke kenekulia umikumamawalu, a me ka Hale kākela Orgas, mai ka XIV a ʻo ia kekahi o nā hōʻailona o ke kaona. E hauʻoli ʻoe i ka hale kiaʻi hoʻohanohano, me kona kiʻekiʻe he iwakālua mika.

He koena no hoi o ka pa kahiko ma Orgaza a me elua o na ipuka eha i hele aku ia: ka nā pio o Betelehema a me Sana Iosepa. Pēlā nō, he mau alahaka mōʻaukala ko ke kūlanakauhale, a ʻo ia kekahi o na maka elima, kūkulu ʻia i nā manawa o Charles III, a me kekahi mau hermitages e like me ko El Socorro a me La Concepción.

Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ʻo ka nui o nā hale hanohano e hoopiha ana i kona mau alanui. No ka laʻana, e haʻi mākou i nā hale o Count Tierrapilares, ka Calderón de la Barca, Ioseph a i ʻole ka Vizcaíno. A ʻo ka mea hope loa, kū ʻo Orgaz a me nā mea a puni no kā lākou waiwai archaeological nui.

ʻO kahi laʻana o kēia, ʻelima mau kilomita mai ke kaona aku ka moku o Arisgotas, kahi e ʻike ai ʻoe i kahi hoihoi Hale Hōʻikeʻike Kiʻi ʻo Visigoth. Pēlā nō, ma ka puʻu ʻo La Tocha hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ʻelua menhirs e pili ana i nā makahiki he ʻumikumamālima haneli, in Torrejon aia he necropolis Roma a ma ʻO Villaverde hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa nā koena o ke alahaka a me ke alanui mai ka manawa like.

ʻO Ocaña a me kāna Plaza Mayor nani

Plaza Mayor o Ocaña

ʻO ka Plaza Mayor nani o Ocaña

Aia kēia kūlanakauhale kupaianaha ʻē aʻe ma ka ʻākau hikina o ka panalāʻau ʻo Toledo, e pili ana Aranjuez, ka mea, e like me kou ike, no Madrid. ʻO kekahi o kāna mau hōʻailona ʻo ia ka hoʻonani Kaha Nui, i kūkulu ʻia i ke kenekulia 2002 me ke ʻano baroque. Mai ka makahiki XNUMX, ʻoi aku ka hoihoi moʻomeheu.

Paipai mākou iā ʻoe e kipa ma Ocaña ka Punawai Nui, he momi Renaissance na ʻO Juan de Herrera i 1578, a Halealii Cardenas, mai ka manawa like, akā kūkulu ʻia ma muli o nā canons o ka Gothic, ʻoiai i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka Renaissance. E like me kēia manawa ka ʻO Lope de Vega Theatre, Ke Kula Nui o ka Ahahui o Iesu.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻohe hemahema o nā monuments hoʻomana nani ma Ocaña. ʻO ka halepule o Santa María de la Asunción Ua kūkulu ʻia ʻo ia i ka kenekulia XNUMX ma kahi ʻano neoclassical ma nā koena o kahi mea ma mua, i kūkulu ʻia mai kahi mosque kahiko. ʻO ka halepule o San Juan Bautista ua kahiko ia, no ka mea, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka XIII, ʻoiai ua hana ia i kekahi mau hoʻoponopono hou. ʻOiai kēia, ua hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ke kiʻi Mudejar o Toledo.

La hale bele o ka ekalesia o Sana Martin ʻO ia wale nō ka mea i koe o kēia a ua haʻi ʻia he hoihoi moʻomeheu. Kūkulu ʻia ma ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX, aia ma ke ʻano Herrerian. Pēlā nō, hāʻawi ʻo Ocaña iā ʻoe i nā hale conventual nani. Ma waena o kēia mau mea, ʻo nā poʻe o Santo Domingo de Guzmán a me Santa Catalina de Siena, ʻelua o ke ʻano Renaissance. A, aia ma kahi o waho, e ʻike ʻoe i ka Punawai Kahiko, mai ka wā Roma mai paha.

ʻO ka hope loa, loaʻa iā Ocaña nā kumu moʻokalaleo. Ua make ʻo Don ma ke kauhale Rodrigo Manrique, i hoolaa ai kana keiki i ka Coplas i ka make o kona makuakāne. A ma keia kulanakauhale no hoi ka hana kaulana o ʻO Lope de Vega ʻO Peribáñez a me ka luna o Ocaña. Me he mea lā ʻaʻole lawa, ua hānau ʻia ʻo ia ma laila Alonso de Ercillaka mea nāna i kākau ʻO ka Araucana.

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Hale o na Hale Mana

Hale o na Hale kiai, ma Tembleque

Aia ia ma ka hikina o ka panalāʻau o Toledo a ma kahi o kanalimakumamālima kilomita mai kona kapikala. Hāʻawi pū ia iā ʻoe i kahi mea kupanaha Kaha Nui mai La Mancha mai. Me ka papahele papahele huinaha, loaʻa iā ia nā porticoes i kākoʻo ʻia e nā kolamu a me nā alahele ma kona ʻaoʻao luna. Kūkulu ʻia ma waena o nā kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX, loaʻa iā ia nā hiʻohiʻona baroque a me nā mea nani lāʻau. ʻO kēia, kū ke ala nui, uhi ʻia e kahi cantilever me kahi hipped hipped.

He baroque nō hoʻi ia mai ke kenekulia XNUMX. hale hale kiaʻi, ka mea i hoʻolaha ʻia he monument noʻeau mōʻaukala a kū i waho no kona helehelena nani. A mai ia manawa like no ka Postas or Halekoa kahiko, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī.

Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ʻo ka monument hoʻomana koʻikoʻi āu e ʻike ai ma Tembleque ʻo ia ka Ka Halepule o kā mākou Lede o ka Manaʻo. Ua kūkulu ʻia i ke kenekulia XNUMX a loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona hoʻololi mai ka Gothic a i ka Renaissance. Ma waho, kū i waho no kona hale kiaʻi nui, a no loko, aia kekahi mau hale pule, kahi i kū ai nā hale pule o Jesús Nazareno a me ka Virgen del Rosario.

Hoʻopau ʻia ka hoʻoilina hoʻomana o ke kaona ʻo Toledo e nā hermitages o La Purísima Concepción, Cristo del Valle, Loreto a me San Antón. Akā ʻoi aku ka hoihoi ka mea mai Veracruz ma muli o kona ʻano octagonal e pau ana i kahi dome.

Escalona, ​​ma kapa o ka Alberche

Kakela o Escalona

ʻO Castillo de Escalona, ​​ʻo kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale nani o Toledo

No laila, e like me La Puebla de Montalban, i ka ʻāpana o Torrijos, oiai aia ma ke kapa o ka muliwai Alberche. Ua noho ʻia mai ka wā kahiko, ʻoiai ua loaʻa nā koena Celtic, Roman a me Visigoth ma ia wahi. Aia i ka Middle Ages, he mea nui ia ma muli o kona wahi hoʻolālā.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka hōʻailona nui o Escalona kona hale kākela, i loaʻa kēia inoa no ka mea aia i loko o ka pā kaua ponoʻī a me ka hale aliʻi ʻo Mudejar. Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia kona ola ʻana i ke kenekulia XNUMX, ʻoiai ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka pā kaua Roma ma mua. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, e hoʻomau ana i nā resonances moʻokalaleo a mākou e wehewehe nei iā ʻoe a ma ke ʻano he anecdote, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i loko o ka hale kākela. ʻo ke keiki ʻo Don Juan Manuel, mea kākau o ka wā kahiko nāna i hoʻoilina iā mākou Helu iā Lucanor.

Pono ʻoe e ʻike ma ka wahi i ka ka puka o san miguel, aia ma luna o ka hale kiaʻi. Ma ka aoao o Sana Vincent, oia na mea i malamaia mai ka pa kahiko mai. Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ka hale pule koʻikoʻi ma Escalona iā San Miguel Arcángel, i kūkulu ʻia ma ka luakini Romanesque kahiko. I loko hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i kahi kuahu baroque nani. Pela no hoi, ua pau ka hooilina haipule o ke kaona e ka ʻO Convent o ka Franciscan Conceptionists. Akā hāʻawi pū ʻo Escalona iā ʻoe i kahi pā Castilian maʻamau. ʻo ia ʻO Don Juan Manuel, aia ka hale ahaolelo, i kēia lā ʻo Municipal Library me kahi hale hōʻikeʻike liʻiliʻi, a me kahi pahu pahu maikaʻi.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua ʻike ʻo Escalona i ka hana hou ʻana iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he kiʻi kiʻi kiʻi kūlanakauhale e huki ai i ka mākaʻikaʻi. Ma kona mau alanui hiki ke ike i na laana he nui o ka hana a ka mea pena alanui ʻO Mr.Stroke. A ʻo ka hope, inā ʻoe e kipa aku i ke kūlanakauhale i ke kauwela a makemake ʻoe e ʻauʻau, loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi kahakai kahakai ma kapa o ka muliwai Alberche. Mai laila mai, e ʻike ʻoe i kahi alahaka nani mai ke kenekulia XNUMX.

I ka hopena, ua hōʻike mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi na kulanakauhale nani o Toledo. Akā hiki iā mākou ke haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, no ka mea, he mau mea makamae loa kēia ʻāina. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe ʻO Oropesa, me kona mau hale kākela ʻelua a me kona hale kiaʻi uʻi nani; kala, me kona Ipuka Caliphate a me kona Kakela o La Vela; ʻO ka Toboso, aina o ka Dulcinea like ole; ʻO Consuegra, me kona mau wili makani La Mancha, a i ole ia ʻO Torrijos, me kona halepule kolepa nui o Santísimo Sacramento. ʻAʻole anei ʻoe i manaʻo ua lawa ia mau kumu e kipa aku ai i kēia mau kūlanakauhale nani a pau o Toledo?

Makemake ʻoe e puke i kahi alakaʻi?

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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