Swiss kev lis kev cai

Swiss Alps

lub Swiss kev lis kev cai Lawv teb, feem ntau, rau Central European los yog hauv paus txawm kev lig kev cai uas cuam tshuam rau ntau yam ntawm lub neej nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws. Cov cheeb tsam no muaj xws li kev yug menyuam mus rau kev ua koob tsheej los ntawm kev noj zaub mov, kev coj tus cwj pwm lossis suab paj nruag.

Txawm hais tias nws qhov me me, Swiss lub teb chaws muaj ntau cov kev lis kev cai uas tau kos rau hauv txoj kev ntawm nws cov neeg nyob thiab qhov ntawd, tej zaum, yuav ua rau koj xav tsis thoob. Muaj ntau yam tshwm sim rau tag nrho cov teb chaws Europe xws li ua kev zoo siab Christmashos lwm tus yeej yog haiv neeg hauv paus txawm thiab muaj lawv cov cag hauv lub teb chaws yav tag los. Tab sis, tsis muaj ntxiv ado, peb yuav qhia koj qee qhov kev coj ua tshwj xeeb tshaj plaws ntawm Switzerland.

Swiss kev lis kev cai: los ntawm hom lus mus rau gastronomy

Peb yuav pib peb ncig saib kev lis kev cai ntawm Switzerland los ntawm kev hais lus rau koj txog lawv cov lus. Tom qab ntawd peb yuav txuas ntxiv saib lwm yam xws li suab paj nruag lossis ob tog thiab, thaum kawg, peb yuav xaus rau kev tsom mus rau kev noj qab haus huv ntawm Swiss lub teb chaws.

Lus Swiss

Lus Swiss

Cov cheeb tsam lus ntawm Switzerland

Vim nws qhov chaw nyob, Switzerland yog qhov chaw muaj ntau haiv neeg nyob sab Europe cuam tshuam. Vim li no, nws muaj peb hom lus thiab lwm qhov kev lees paub uas teb rau lub hauv paus chiv keeb ntawm cov pejxeem uas sau nws.

Cov lus feem ntau hu ua Swiss German, uas hais lus yuav luag rau caum-plaub feem pua ​​​​ntawm nws cov neeg nyob. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev nyob rau sab qaum teb, sab hnub tuaj thiab nruab nrab cantons ntawm lub teb chaws. Tsis tas li ntawd, feem ntau ntawm cov xov tooj cua thiab TV siv nws.

Nws yog ua raws li tus naj npawb ntawm cov neeg hais lus los ntawm Frances, siv los ntawm yuav luag peb caug cuaj feem pua ​​​​ntawm cov pejxeem thiab feem ntau nyob rau sab hnub poob ntawm lub tebchaws. Tsis tas li ntawd, nyob rau hauv cheeb tsam ntawm Romandie Cov lus ntawm Franco-Provençal tau khaws cia, xws li vaud los yog neuchatelois.

Peb hom lus ntawm Switzerland yog Italiano, uas yog siv los ntawm kaum tsib feem pua ​​ntawm nws cov inhabitants thiab uas, logically, predominates nyob rau hauv sab qab teb ntawm lub teb chaws. Kuj tseem muaj hom lus Lombard: tus tesinese.

Tshwj xeeb hais peb yuav tsum ua rau koj peculiar romansh. Nws kuj yog ib hom lus, txawm hais tias tsoomfwv cov ntaub ntawv tsis tas yuav siv nws. Nws yog hais nyob rau hauv lub canton ntawm Graubunden thiab tag nrho cov neeg siv nws sawv cev rau 0,6% ntawm cov pejxeem. Koj yuav xav paub tias nws yog lus Romanesque ntsig txog Ladino thiab Friulan uas tau hais nyob rau sab qaum teb Ltalis, txawm hais tias nws tau hloov pauv ntau dua li cov lus no.

Lub peculiar suab paj nruag ntawm kev lis kev cai ntawm Switzerland

Alpine horn

Ntau tus kws ntaus nkauj ua yeeb yam nrog alpine horn

Peb tsis tas yuav qhia rau koj tias hauv Switzerland koj hnov ​​​​cov suab paj nruag tib yam li hauv Spain, Francia los yog Tebchaws Meskas. Tab sis, zoo li cov teb chaws no, nws kuj muaj nws cov suab paj nruag tsoos thiab koj yuav pom nws xav paub heev.

Cov cuab yeej par excellence ntawm lub teb chaws yog hu alpine horn. Ua los ntawm ntoo thiab nrog ib tug ntev ntawm 1,5 thiab 3.60 meters, nws yog ncaj thiab nrog ib tug flared kawg. Nws emits harmonic suab zoo ib yam li cov trumpet, tab sis nws keeb kwm yog heev ancient.

Tsawg kawg, nws hnub rov qab mus rau xyoo pua XNUMXth, thaum nws tau siv los hu cov nyuj hauv thaj tsam Alpine thiab tseem sib txuas lus ntawm cov neeg ua liaj ua teb lawv tus kheej. Tab sis nws kuj yog siv los txhais cov nkauj alpine ib txwm muaj thiab, xav paub, nws muaj qhov zoo sib xws nrog lwm cov twj paj nruag los ntawm Pyrenees, Carpathians thiab txawm tias lub roob Andes hauv South America.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, cov Swiss kuj muaj cov nkauj ib txwm muaj. Nws yog tus nto moo tyrolean. Nws yog tus cwj pwm, raws li koj tau pom ntau zaus, los ntawm kev hloov pauv ntawm lub suab, xws li qis mus rau siab hauv daim ntawv ntawm falsetto. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tsis yog tshwj xeeb rau Switzerland. Nws kuj belongs rau Alpine kab lis kev cai feem ntau, uas yog vim li cas nws yog txhais nyob rau hauv Austria, sab qaum teb Ltalis thiab txawm lub teb chaws Yelemees. Tab sis, xav paub, muaj cov nkauj zoo sib xws nyob deb li Scandinavia lossis Central Africa.

Festivities, tseem ceeb nyob rau hauv kev lis kev cai ntawm Switzerland

Basel carnival

Basel Carnival

Lub teb chaws Swiss ua kev zoo siab rau nws Kev ncig ua si hauv tebchaws Lub yim hli ntuj 1291. Nws ua kev nco txog lub npe hu ua Federal Pact ntawm XNUMX, qhov twg peb lub cantons uas twb muaj lawm tau pom zoo los tsim cov xwm txheej tsim nyog rau kev sib sau ua ib lub tebchaws. Thoob plaws hauv nws thaj chaw, muaj cov txheej xwm festive. Tab sis qhov xav paub ntawm kev ua koob tsheej yog tias nws raug tso cai tua hluav taws rau txhua tus neeg.

Lwm qhov kev ua koob tsheej tseem ceeb heev hauv Switzerland tau ua nrog lub transhumance ntawm nyuj. Txawm hais tias, tiag tiag, peb yuav tsum qhia koj txog ob hnub so. Vim lawv tshwm sim thaum lub caij ntuj sov thiab lub caij nplooj zeeg. Nyob rau thawj hnub, cov neeg yug yaj coj lawv cov nyuj mus rau lub roob Alpine mus yos hav zoov ywj pheej, thaum lub thib ob, lawv rov qab mus rau hauv lub nkuaj. Tab sis, nyob rau hauv ob qho tib si, lawv adorned nrog paj thiab cowbells thiab paraded nyob rau hauv procession.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, ntawm cov kev lis kev cai ntawm Switzerland kuj tseem muaj lwm cov kev ua koob tsheej ntawm ib lub zos xwm, tab sis uas tseem ceeb heev thoob plaws hauv lub tebchaws. Piv txwv li, nws yog rooj plaub ntawm lub taub hau ntawm goose hauv Sursse, uas peb yuav tsis tham nrog koj zoo dua; ntawm Basel carnival lossis ntawm tus winegrowers' Festival hauv Vevey, uas tau suav nrog hauv Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity los ntawm UNESCO.

Swiss crafts

Ib lub moos swiss

Swiss hnab tshos watch

Nrog rau lub hnab tsho nto moo riam, Swiss lub teb chaws muaj kev nthuav txuj ci kev lag luam paj ntaub. Nws yog nto moo uas St. Gal, uas hnub rov qab mus rau lub xyoo pua xya thiab sawv tawm tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau nws cov hauj lwm hauv paj rwb thiab linen. Tib yam tuaj yeem hais txog Neuenburg bobbin lace thiab ntawm kev lag luam silk hauv Zurich, uas hnub rov qab mus rau XIV.

txawv yog cov tsoos ntoo duab puab ntawm Brienz, qhov tshwm sim ntawm uas yog Swiss Tsev khaws puav pheej ntawm Carvings thiab Sculptures, thiab lub peasant lauj kaub tais diav ntawm Berne, uas tau pib hauv lub xyoo pua XNUMXth thiab muaj kev lees paub thoob ntiaj teb.

Tab sis, yog tias Swiss craftsmanship stands rau ib yam dab tsi, nws yog vim li cas lawv watches, uas tau dhau los ua ib lub teb chaws kev lag luam hauv tebchaws. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tsis yog ib qho hauv paus txawm Swiss kev cai. Nws raug coj mus rau lub nroog Gin los ntawm cov Huguenots uas tau txais qhov chaw nkaum hauv nws thaum xyoo pua XNUMXth.

Cov khoom siv tes ua no sai sai kis mus rau lwm qhov chaw xws li Neuenburg, qhov twg xav tau xws li Taschenuhren hnab tshos saib lossis pendulum watches tau tsim. Txij thaum ntawd los, Swiss tau tso lawv tus kheej ua cov tuam txhab ntawm cov khoom siab kawg no, txawm hais tias lawv kuj tau mus txog qhov tseem ceeb xws li thawj cov dej tsis zoo lossis thawj quartz saib. Xws li yog lub koob meej ntawm Swiss raws li watchmakers uas nws tau thov kom suav nrog lawv cov khoom siv tes ua hauv cov cuab yeej cuab tam ntawm tib neeg.

Txawm li cas los xij, lwm qhov kev lig kev cai ntawm Swiss lub teb chaws yug nyob rau tib lub sij hawm raws li cov watchmaker tsis tshua paub. Peb tham txog kev tsim khoom ntawm automatons thiab lub thawv suab paj nruag. Thaum ntxov li 1770 cov kwv tij Jaquet-droz Lawv nthuav tawm peb lub hauv xov tooj ntawd uas xav tsis thoob thoob plaws Tebchaws Europe.

Rau nws feem, lub thawv suab paj nruag yog vim Antoine Favre, uas tau nthuav tawm nws hauv 1796 rau Geneva Society of Arts. Tab sis nws cov khoom siv sai sai kis mus rau thaj tsam xws li Holy Cross o Gin.

Gastronomy

Raclette

Ib phaj ntawm raclette

Thaum kawg, peb yuav xaus peb txoj kev ncig xyuas kev lis kev cai ntawm Switzerland los ntawm kev tham nrog koj txog kev noj zaub mov. Hais txog nws, ib yam dab tsi zoo ib yam li peb piav qhia txog watches tshwm sim. Nws yog nto moo thoob plaws lub ntiaj teb no lub chocolate ntawm lub tebchaws Swiss.

Txawm li cas los xij, raws li koj paub, cov khoom no tuaj ntawm Asmeskas hauv xyoo pua XNUMXth. Txawm li cas los xij, Swiss chocolate sai sai tau txais koob meej thoob ntiaj teb ua tsaug rau cov zaub mov xws li nws qhov sib xyaw nrog Alpine mis nyuj, vim yog Daniel peter, los yog chocolate meltingtsim los ntawm Rodolphe Lindt: koj puas xav tau ntau tus thwjtim?.

Lwm qhov quintessential Swiss khoom yog cov cheese. Nws ntau yam muaj ntau heev uas koj tuaj yeem taug kev hauv lub tebchaws sim lawv (muaj txog plaub puas thiab tsib caug). Ntau qhov kev liam tseem yog vim cov mis nyuj zoo nkauj los ntawm Alpine herds. Ntawm cov teb chaws nyiam cheeses yog Gruyere, cov aroma appenzeller los yog sbrinz ua, hom txias.

Los ntawm cov khoom no los ntawm ib qho ntawm cov tais diav ntawm Switzerland: lub fondue, uas yog tsis muaj dab tsi ntau tshaj li melted cheese uas tau noj los ntawm dipping pieces ntawm qhob cij tuav nyob rau hauv nws los ntawm ib tug tshwj xeeb diav rawg. Nws tau txais kev pab hauv lub lauj kaub ceramic hu ua caquelón. Ib hom variant yog cov squeegee, uas muaj, ntxiv rau melted cheese, siav unpeeled qos yaj ywm, dos, cucumbers, vinegar thiab mustard.

Rau nws qhov, lub älplermagronen ua Nws yog ib lub tais uas suav nrog cov qos yaj ywm gratin, macaroni, dos, qab zib thiab cheese thiab tau txais kev pab nrog garnish ntawm sifted apples. Thiab cov rov Nws yog hom qos yaj ywm omelette, tab sis tsis muaj qe, vim nws khi nrog cov hmoov txhuv nplej siab ntawm tuber nws tus kheej.

Raws li rau Swiss noj tshais, tej zaum qhov nrov tshaj plaws yog qhov hu ua birchemüesli, uas yog ua los ntawm txiv qaub kua txiv, condensed mis nyuj, dov oats, grated txiv apples thiab almonds los yog hazelnuts.

Rau nws qhov, lub zürcher geschnetzelte Nws yog nqaij nyuj noj nrog cream sauce, nceb thiab rösti. Thiab cov npias Nws yog Swiss version ntawm German sausages. Hais txog dej cawv, lub Kua kua txiv Nws yog nrov heev thiab yog li yog cider thiab wine.

Hauv kev xaus, peb tau pom koj qee yam ntawm Swiss kev lis kev cai. Tab sis muaj lwm yam xav paub heev xws li cov uas cuam tshuam nrog lawv khaub ncaws hauv cheeb tsam; cov hu sau hnub so, hnub no txo ​​mus rau hnub so uas cov hnyuv ntxwm tau noj thiab cawv yog qaug dej qaug cawv, lossis kev ua kis las peculiar hauv lub tebchaws: hornussen, uas muaj, dav hais lus, ntawm pov ib disc kom deb li deb tau. Paub tag nrho cov kab lig kev cai ntawm Swiss lub teb chaws, koj tsuas yog yuav tsum mus xyuas nws.

Koj puas xav tau phau ntawv qhia?

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

*

*