Leon Cathedral

Leon Cathedral

Lero tikuti tikambirane chimodzi mwazinthu za ma cathedral ofunikira kwambiri ku Spain, yomwe ilinso ku Camino de Santiago, kotero imachezeredwa ndi zikwizikwi za amwendamnjira chaka chilichonse. Katolika iyi yochititsa chidwi ndi ntchito ya a Gothic ndipo ndiyofunika kwambiri motere, chifukwa ndi imodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zomwe zasungidwa mdziko lathu m'njira imeneyi.

Izi Cathedral imadziwikanso kuti La Bella Leonesa ndipo amachita mogwirizana ndi dzina lake. Ndi amodzi mwamanenedwe apamwamba kwambiri achi Gothic, momwe makoma adachepetsedwa momwe angathere, poyerekeza ndi kalembedwe kolimba kamene kanali kotchuka mu Romanesque, ndikumakweza kwakukulu chifukwa cha kukongoletsa.

Mbiri ya Cathedral ya León

Leon Cathedral

Cathedral iyi idamangidwa pa a pamwamba pomwe panali malo osambirako achiroma, yomwe inali ndi malo okulirapo kuposa tchalitchichi masiku ano. Mbiri yake inali yayitali, popeza nthawi yachikhristu atagonjetsanso mabafawa adawonongedwa ndipo m'malo mwawo nyumba yachifumu idamangidwa, yokhala ndi Ordoño II. Pogonjetsa Aluya, mfumu iyi idaganiza zomanga m'malo mwa nyumba yachifumu kachisi wopembedzera Mulungu kuti amupatse chilakiko. Palibe mbiri yonena za kachisiyu ponena za kalembedwe kake, koma ayenera kuti adatsanzira omwe adapangidwa mozungulira mzaka za zana la 1073. Pambuyo pa kuwukira ndi nkhondo, tchalitchichi chidasiyidwa bwinja. Anali Fernando I waku León yemwe angaganizire zomanganso tchalitchi chachikulu mothandizidwa ndi Doña Urraca. Pamwambowu, tchalitchichi chimamangidwa mmaonekedwe achiroma omwe analipo panthawiyo, opatulidwa mu XNUMX.

Magalasi amtchalitchi

Zinali mu Zaka za m'ma XNUMX pamene ntchito yomanga tchalitchi cha Gothic inayamba zomwe tikudziwa lero. Zikuoneka kuti tchalitchichi chinapangidwa ndi akatswiri a zomangamanga a ku France chifukwa chakuti, mofanana ndi Burgos Cathedral, chinali ndi pulani ya tchalitchi cha Reims. Tchalitchichi chinali ndi kusintha kosiyanasiyana, chifukwa dongosolo lovuta momwe amafunira kuthana ndi makoma akulu ndikupanga malo okhala ndi kuwala komwe kumabweretsa mavuto amapangidwe akuthandizira nyumbayo. Kuphatikiza apo ndikuwonjezeranso zovuta za malowo, omwe anali osakhazikika ndipo adapirira zomangamanga zingapo zapitazo.

Kunja kwa tchalitchi chachikulu

Portico ya tchalitchi chachikulu

Chimodzi mwazinthu zochititsa chidwi kwambiri komanso zodziwika bwino za tchalitchichi mosakayikira ndi mawonekedwe ake. Kunja kumawonetsa mawonekedwe a Gothic m'malo ake onse. Pulogalamu ya mbali yakumadzulo ili ndi nsanja ziwiri za gothic ndi kutalika kwa 65 ndi 68 mita, chifukwa chake zimawoneka kuti sizofanana kwenikweni, chifukwa zidamangidwa nthawi zosiyanasiyana. Bell Tower inali yoyamba ndipo Clock Tower idamangidwa pafupifupi zaka zana pambuyo pake. Khonde lachitatu pansi pa nsanja limachokera m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Omwe ali mbalizo apatulira kwa Yohane Woyera M'batizi ndi Woyera Francis ndipo yemwe ali pakatikati adadzipereka ku Chiweruzo Chotsiriza. M'makonde awa mutha kuwona zosemedwa za mafumu ndi atumwi, ntchito yayikulu yosemedwa m'miyala yomwe idapulumuka pakupita kwanthawi. Pamwamba pa khonde pali zenera la rose lokongola ndi magalasi odetsedwa kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Mu Fkum'mwera achada mutha kuwonanso zipinda zina zofunika. Chipata cha Imfa chimadziwika kuti chimakhala ndi mafupa okhala ndi mapiko. Pakatikati, chotchedwa Sarmental, pali chithunzi cha Khristu. Kudzanja lamanja kuli Pórtico de San Froilán, komwe kuli zithunzi zoperekedwa kwa woyera mtima uyu.

Mkati mwa tchalitchi chachikulu

Mkati mwa tchalitchi chachikulu cha León

Mkati mwa tchalitchichi mumadziwikanso kuti Nyumba ya Kuunika ndipo tidzapeza chifukwa chake tikamalowa. Pulogalamu ya Mazenera a magalasi 125 amadzaza chilichonse ndi kuwala, chinthu chomwe sichingatheke m'matchalitchi achikatolika omwe muli makoma akuda omwe salola kuti kuwala kudutse mofanana ndi kalembedwe ka Gothic. Kuyambira pazenera la rozi kupita pagalasi lokhala pamakoma, pali zowunikira zambiri zomwe zimapangitsa kukhala tchalitchi chachikulu.

El kwaya ya masheya ndi yakale kwambiri ku Spain konse. Ndi yamtengo wapatali ndipo yajambulidwa ndi matabwa. Ojambula a Flemish a m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Kachisi yemwe ali mu Guwa Lalikulu amakhalanso wazaka za XV, zoyimira moyo wa San Froilán. Tchalitchichi chimakhalanso ndimatchalitchi angapo.

Woyang'anira tchalitchi chachikulu

Ngakhale kwenikweni tchalitchichi chidapangidwa popanda chipindaPomaliza, zidachitika, kumaliza m'zaka za m'ma XNUMX. Pafupi ndi chipinda chogona pali zodalira, pakati pawo Cathedral Museum.

China chomwe chitha kuchezeredwa ku cathedral iyi ndi crypt momwe zotsalazo zasungidwa malo osambira akale achiroma. Zotsalazi zidapezeka mu 1996 kotero ndichinthu chaposachedwa kwambiri, ndipo zimatilola kuti tidziwe zambiri za mbiri ya tchalitchichi. Ili kutsogolo kwa kum'mwera kwa tchalitchi chachikulu.

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