Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Madrid

Plaza Mayor

Madrid ndiye likulu la Spain, mzinda waukulu mdzikolo komanso wachiwiri ku European Union wokhala ndi anthu opitilira 3 miliyoni (opitilira 6 miliyoni mdera lamatauni). Kuyambira chapakati pa XNUMXth century, munthawi ya King Felipe II, wakhala likulu la Spain komanso likulu la Boma, a Cortes, komanso ndimalo okhala mafumu. Komanso, Madrid imapereka malo osawerengeka oti adziwe komanso malo oti asochere.

Kaya kuthawa kwakanthawi kapena ulendo wamabizinesi, ngati mukufuna kupita ku Madrid posachedwa, awa ndi malo odziwika ku Madrid.

Plaza Mayor

Chiyambi chake inali bwalo lomwe linali kunja kwa mzinda wokhala ndi linga. Amadziwika kuti Plaza del Arrabal ndipo amalonda amabwera kudzagulitsa malonda awo pamtengo wotsika, ndichifukwa chake nthawi zonse anali malo otchuka kwambiri kwa anthu am'deralo.

Chakumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, adapatsidwa mwayi wokhala ndi chiwonetsero chamwezi pamwezi ndipo popita nthawi idakhala yamatawuni pomwe nyumba zina zidamangidwa mozungulira. Pamene, kumapeto kwa zaka za zana lomwelo, Felipe II adasamutsira khothi ku Madrid, kunali koyenera kukhazikitsa Plaza Meya wodalirika kutchuka kwa malowa komanso kufunika kwa mzindawu. Mfumuyo idapatsa katswiri wazomangamanga a Juan de Herrera ntchitoyi, yomwe adailingalira ngati kachulukidwe ka 152 mita kutalika ndi mita 94 m'lifupi.

Apa magulu osiyanasiyana omwe adalipo adakumana kuti agulitse malonda awo ndipo chifukwa cha izi adagawidwa kumadera onse a Meya wa Plaza kutchula dzina lawo, motere, ku Casa de la Carnicería, Casa de la Panadería, Arco de Cuchilleros, ndi zina zambiri. .

Zinangotenga zaka ziwiri zokha ndi madola pafupifupi 900.000 kuti amange nyumbayo, koma kumanga kwake kunali chizindikiro chazomangamanga mzindawu, chifukwa inali malo akulu kwambiri ku Madrid omwe amatha kuwonedwa kulikonse mumzinda. Kuphatikiza apo, posakhalitsa idayamba kuchititsa zochitika zosiyanasiyana monga ziwonetsero zotchuka, masewera, maulendo ndi ma beatification, kuphedwa pagulu, ndi zina zambiri.

Kwa zaka pafupifupi 150, pa Khrisimasi Meya wa Plaza adadzazidwa ndi malo okhala ndi zinthu za Khrisimasi, zinthu zoseketsa ndi zovala zamitundu yonse. Ndipo posachedwa idakondwerera chikondwerero chake cha 400th.

Puerta del Sol ku Madrid

Chipata cha Dzuwa

Pafupi ndi Meya wa Plaza pali Puerta del Sol, amodzi mwamabwalo odziwika kwambiri ku Madrid. Ntchito yake yomanga idachitika magawo angapo: pakati pa zaka za zana la XNUMX, Casa de Correos idayamba kumangidwa ndipo patatha zaka zana limodzi, malowa adakhala omaliza kuthokoza omanga Lucio del Valle, Juan Rivera ndi José Morer. Sizinapitirire mpaka zaka za zana la XNUMX pomwe kasupe, minda idawonjezeredwa ndipo malo oyenda pansi adakulitsidwa.

Ku Puerta del Sol timapeza malo atatu odziwika kwambiri: chifanizo cha chimbalangondo ndi mtengo wa sitiroberi (1967), malo amisonkhano am'deralo, wotchi ndi positi ofesi kuchokera komwe kumapeto kwa chaka chimatulutsidwa ndi kilomita ziro, malo omwe misewu yayikulu yaku Spain imayambira komanso pomwe alendo amajambula chithunzi choyenera.

Kachisi wa Debod

Kachisi wa Debod

Ku Parque de la Montaña de Madrid kuli chuma chamtengo wapatali kwambiri ku likulu la Spain: kachisi wa Debod. Kachisi wazaka 2.200 zomwe zakhala chizindikiro cha mzindawu.

Ili kumadzulo kwa Plaza de España, chipilalachi chakale chinali mphatso yochokera ku Egypt kupita ku Spain chifukwa chothandizirana populumutsa akachisi aku Nubian pomanga Dambo lalikulu la Aswan. Mwanjira imeneyi adanyamula miyala ndi miyala ndikutsegulidwa kwa anthu mu 1972 patatha zaka ziwiri akumanganso. Zinali zovuta chifukwa, kuphatikiza pakusakhala ndi mapulani, miyala ina yoyambirira idatayika panthawi yonyamula ndi mayendedwe.

Ntchito yomanganso yomwe idachitika ku Madrid idasinthiratu kuyambira kum'mawa mpaka kumadzulo kwa malo ake oyamba. Kachisiyu wazunguliridwa ndi minda ndipo pali anthu ambiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito malowa kuti aziyenda, kukhala ndi pikisiki, kusewera masewera kapena kuwotchera dzuwa pankhalango. Monga chidwi, nyanja yomwe timapeza mozungulira kachisi ndikukumbukira Nile.

nyumba yachifumu madrid

Choyang'ana ku Royal Palace ku Madrid

Nyumba yachifumu

Royal Palace ya ku Madrid, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti Palacio de Oriente, inali nyumba yovomerezeka ya mafumu aku Spain ngakhale masiku ano imagwiritsidwa ntchito pongolandira ndi kuchitapo kanthu popeza mafumu amakhala ku Palacio de la Zarzuela.

Ntchito yomanga Royal Palace idayamba mu 1738 ndipo malo ake ndi ofanana ndi Nyumba yachifumu ya Habsburgs, yomwe idawonongedwa pa Khrisimasi 1734 ndi moto. Ili mozunguliridwa ndi minda ya Campo del Moro, yochokera ku Middle Ages, komanso minda ya Sabatini, yomwe idapangidwa mzaka za zana la XNUMX. Campo del Moro amatha kuchezeredwa masana.

Ndizosangalatsa kulingalira za kusintha kwa alonda achi Royal Palace, omwe amachitika Lachitatu lililonse kuyambira Okutobala mpaka Julayi nthawi ya 11 m'mawa. 

Paki yopuma pantchito

Pokhala ndi mahekitala 125 ndi mitengo yopitilira 15.000, El Retiro Park ndi malo amtendere mkati mwa Madrid. Sikuti ndi imodzi chabe mwa mapapo a likulu la Spain, komanso imaperekanso komweko komanso alendo zikhalidwe, zosangalatsa komanso masewera osiyanasiyana.

Magwero a paki ya El Retiro ali mchaka cha XNUMXth pamene Mfumu Felipe IV, Count-Duke waku Olivares, adapatsa amfumu malo kuti azisangalala ndi banja lachifumu. Kuyambira pamenepo zasintha mosiyanasiyana pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana.

Ngati munapitako ku Madrid mwina mwapita ku paki ya El Retiro kuti mukayende, ndikumwa madzi pamalo ake okongola ndikujambula zithunzi. Komabe, ngakhale adatchuka, ndi ochepa okha omwe amadziwa zinsinsi za malo otanganidwa kwambiri amzindawu komanso chizindikiro cha mzindawu.

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