Zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Extremadura

Extremadura Ndi umodzi mwamadera odziyimira pawokha ku Spain ndipo wapangidwa ndi zigawo ziwiri, Badajoz ndi Cáceres. Ndi dziko lokhala ndi mbiriyakale zaka zikwi zambiri, monga momwe amachitira a dolmens, zojambula m'mapanga ndi mafano omwe amasungidwa mpaka pano.

Zaka zikwizikwi izi zimatibweretsera malo ambiri opitako alendo ndi chikhalidwe cholemera kwambiri, kotero lero tikupangira ulendo wopita ku Extremadura ndi zokopa zake. Lero ndiye zomwe muyenera kuwona ku Extremadura.

Extremadura

Ndi dera lomwe kum'mwera chakumadzulo kwa chilumba cha Iberia ndipo monga tanena kale, wapangidwa ndi zigawo ziwiri zomwe malikulu awo ndi mizinda yomwe ili ndi anthu ambiri. Ndili ndi nyengo yofunda, tomato, tsabola, fodya ndi mphesa zimabzalidwa kuno, zomwe zimapanga vinyo wokoma.

ndi achikondi adakhazikika pano, adamanga misewu, mizinda yolemera yokhala ndi ma circus, misika komanso nyumba zaboma. Mwachitsanzo, Merida unakhala mzinda waukulu, wosangalatsa, ndiponso wolemera pachikhalidwe. Pambuyo pake ufumuwo udzagwa ndipo anthu akunja amabwera, ena mwa iwo anali Ma Visigoths, osamukira kwawo nawonso Ma Saracens mu Mibadwo yapakati.

Este nyengo yachisilamu Sanali wolemera pang'ono kuposa Mroma ndipo Zinatha zaka mazana asanu mpaka ku Reconquest, ndi Ufumu wa León poyamba ndi Ufumu wa Castile pambuyo pake. Pambuyo pakuphatikizidwa kwa maufumu onse zigawo ziwiri za Extremadura pansi pa korona zomwezo zidalumikizananso. Mgonero wa Ayuda, Akhristu ndi Asilamu udatha ndi lamulo la Mafumu Achikatolika kuti onse ayenera kutembenukira ku Chikhristu kapena athamangitsidwa.

Ambiri mwa akatswiri aku Spain omwe adabwera ku America m'zaka za zana la XNUMX anali ochokera ku Extremadura. Mwachitsanzo, Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro, Pedro de Valdivia… Pambuyo pake mikangano yamkati ndi Nkhondo Yodziyimira pawokha ku Spain zitha kufika, ndipo kuchokera m'manja mwake, zisoni ndi zowawa komanso kusamuka kwakukulu kwamkati kuthawa iwo.

Zoyendera ku Extremadura

Tanena kuti Extremadura ili ndi mbiriyakale zaka mazana ambiri, makamaka tiyenera kuyankhula za cholowa cha mazana, zaka masauzande. Za nthawi yachiroma tikhoza kukaona Merida Wachiroma. Mabwinja achiroma ali ku Plaza Margarita Xirgu ndipo amatsegulira zenera ku moyo wachiroma pachilumbachi. ndi Chuma Cha Dziko Lonse ndi amodzi mwa malo ofunikira kwambiri ofukula mabwinja ku Spain.

Mabwinja achiroma ali mkati mwa mpanda wa malowa: pali bwalo lamasewera, nyumba ya bwalo lamasewera, bwalo lamasewera ndi tchalitchi. Pali fayilo ya Mtsinje wa Zozizwitsa, Pórtico del fro, Arch of Trajan, Nyumba ya Mitreo ndi Kachisi wa Diana. Kunja kwa makoma kuli ngalande ina, ya San Lázaro, mlatho wopita pamtsinje wa Guadiana, Alange akasupe otentha (Makilomita 18 kuchokera ku Mérida, akukhulupilira kuti adachokera m'zaka za zana lachitatu AD, ndi nyumba zake), ndi madamu awiri, Proserpina ndi Cornalvo.

Malo ofukula mabwinjawa amatsegulidwa kuyambira Epulo mpaka Seputembara kuyambira 9 koloko mpaka 10 koloko masana komanso kuyambira Okutobala mpaka Marichi kuyambira 9 koloko mpaka 6:30 madzulo. Kulowera kumalipira ma euro 15 pa seti yonse ndi ma euro 6 pachikumbutso chilichonse. Tsamba lina lachiroma ndi Mabwinja a Cáparra, makilomita ochepa kuchokera mumzinda wa Plasencia. Pali njira yomwe mlendo amatsata ndikumulondolera kudzera m'malo otanthauzira, ziphuphu zitatu, zipata ndi bwalo lamasewera. Kuloledwa ndi kwaulere.

Kusiya nthawi yachiroma kumbuyo tikulowa nyengo yachiarabu con Alcazaba, malo okhala mafumu a mlingowo kuyambira pomwe Badajoz adayamba. Lero zomwe timawona zidayamba nthawi ya Almohad, zaka za zana la XNUMX, koma akukhulupirira kuti zidayambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Alcazaba ndi a linga lomwe linkalamuliranso malire ndi Portugal ndipo ndi waukulu kwambiri. Ili ndi zitseko zinayi ndipo mutha kulowamo iliyonse ya izo. Kuphatikiza pa zitseko za La Coraxa ndi za Yelves, palinso zitseko za Apéndiz ndi za Capitel, zomwe zimachokera nthawi ya Almohad.

Palinso nsanja, Torre de Espantaperros, octagonal, amadziwika pakati pawo. Mkati mwake muli Nyumba yachifumu ya Count of Roca yomwe ili ndi bwalo lomwe masiku ano limagwira ntchito ngati Provincial Archaeological Museum, Tower of Santa María, Tower of the Episcopal Palace komanso minda.

ndi malingaliro owonekera pakhoma la La Alcazaba iwo ndi abwino. Kuloledwa ndi kwaulere ndipo kulandila sikulipiritsa. Ili pa Cerro de la Muela. Ku Cáceres kuli Nyumba Yachifumu ya Guadalupe Amachokera ku malo ochepa omwe adadzakhala tchalitchi cha Mudejar muulamuliro wa Alfonso XI. Tchalitchi cha amonke chakhala ndi mitundu itatu ndipo yapano ilipo kalembedwe ka Gothic. Chojambulacho chili ndi ziboliboli za mwana wamwamuna wa El Greco, a Jorge Manuel Theotocópuli.

Ili ndi zipinda zokongola kwambiri ndipo malo ake owonetsera zakale ndi ofunika: imodzi ndi yokongoletsera, ina ndiyojambula ndi yosema, ndipo ina ndi yamabuku ang'onoang'ono. Amonke amayamba kuyambira 9:30 m'mawa mpaka 1 koloko masana komanso kuyambira 3:30 mpaka 6 koloko madzulo. Mulingo wake wonse ndi ma euro 5. Nyumba ya amonke ina yosangalatsa ndi Nyumba Yachifumu Yachifumu ya Yuste, nyumba yachifumu yokongola yomwe adakhala masiku ake omaliza Carlos V. Kukhala kwake kumangomukongoletsa. Amonke ndi gawo la National Heritage ku Spain. M'nyengo yozizira imatsegulidwa kuyambira Lachiwiri mpaka Lamlungu kuyambira 10 m'mawa mpaka 6 koloko madzulo, ndipo nthawi yotentha kuyambira 10 m'mawa mpaka 8 koloko masana. Kulowera kumalipira ma euro 7.

Ngati tikulankhula za malo achilengedwe ndiye kutembenuka kwa Malo osungirako zachilengedwe a Monfragüe, okonda zomera ndi zokongoletsa. Ili mu Triangle yopangidwa ndi Plasencia, Navalmoral de la Mata, ndi Trujillo. Mtsinje wa Tagus ndiye gawo lake ndipo UNESCO yalengeza malowa Kuteteza chilengedwe.

M'mapiriwa muli malo osungira, mitsinje, miyala, nkhalango ndi tchire zomwe ndi malo abwino okhala Mitengo ndi zinyama zosiyanasiyana. Mbalame zamtundu uliwonse, adokowe akuda, miimba, ziwombankhanga, ndi nyama monga amphaka, agwape, otter ...

M'kati mwa pakiyi muli nyumba yachifumu ya Monfragüe, Arab, yomwe panthawiyo inali Princess Princess Noeima, malinga ndi nthano yomwe imakondana ndi Mkhristu ndipo pachifukwa chomwecho adalangidwa. Palinso tawuni ya Villareal de San Carlos, komwe mungakhale, kudya ndi kuchezera malo okaona malo kuti mudziwe zambiri zamderali. Pali njira zolembedwera zomwe zimakupangitsani kudutsa pakiyi makamaka makamaka ku mathithi a Gitano, thanthwe lalitali mita 300 pamtsinje wa Tagus. Kukongola kumeneko!

Malo ena oti tichite kuyenda ndipo kulowa m'mayiwe achilengedwe kungakhale meander wa Melero. ndi Chikumbutso Chachilengedwe cha Los BarruecosKu Cáceres, mudzawona malo owoneka bwino okhala ndi mayiwe ndi nyumba. Pulogalamu ya Gombe la Orellana Ndi gombe la dziwe lomwelo, ku Orellana la Vieja, ku Badajoz.

Ndi gombe lamtambo wabuluu ndipo ndi gombe lamkati. Amadziwikanso kuti Playa Costa Dulce ndipo mutha kuchita masewera amadzi osiyanasiyana. Mphepete mwa dziwe lina, dziwe la Gabriel y Galán, koma ku Cáceres, kuli Zolemba Zakale za Granadilla.

Zinali mzinda womwe unakhazikitsidwa ndi Asilamu m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, wokhala ndi mipanda, ndipo akukonzekera kuti adzalandire malo azikhalidwe zokaona alendo. Imasunga makoma ake a Almohad, nyumba yachifumuyo idasandulika nyumba yachifumu yachikhristu, nyumba zokhalamo anthu ofunikira, nthawi zina zoyambirira munyumba zawo, ndi tchalitchi cha parishi kuyambira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Ndi mndandanda wachidule wazomwe muyenera kuwona Extremadura ndithudi tikuperewera. Ndipo kuti Extremadura ndi gulu lalikulu kwambiri, losatheka kupitako ngati muli ndi masiku ochepa. Ngati ndi choncho, lingaliro lomaliza, kuti muziyang'ana malo ndi malingaliro: Mérida ndi Cáceres ndiosavomerezeka, Badajoz nawonso, koma kuwonjezera pazomwe timaphatikizapo, ngati mukufuna china chodekha kuposa mizindayi, pitani kumatawuni. Pamenepo mutha kupumula kwenikweni.

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