Kuyenda Njira ya Gaudí kudzera ku Barcelona

banja lopatulika

Pokhala ndi alendo mamiliyoni asanu ndi awiri pachaka, Barcelona idayikidwabe pamwamba pamizinda ndikukopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi chifukwa cha zithumwa zambiri. Chimodzi mwazofunika kwambiri kwa alendo ndi Modernism, kapangidwe kake kokometsera komanso kamakongoletsedwe kamene kali likulu lachi Catalan kanyamula chidindo cha Antoni Gaudí.

Chaka chilichonse mamiliyoni a alendo amabwera ku Barcelona kuti akadziwe bwino ntchito ya waluso uyu yemwe amadziwa kutanthauzira luso lake munyumba zambiri komanso malo mzindawu kuti zisangalatse mibadwo yamtsogolo.

Kutenga njira yodutsa ku Barcelona kutsatira zotsatira za Gaudí kumatithandiza kumvetsetsa Zamakono, zaluso zomwe zidapitilira zomangamanga ndikuphatikizira zina monga zojambula, luso la magalasi kapena zotchinga. Ulendo wodabwitsa kupyola chilengedwe cha Gaudinian.

banja lopatulika

Mu 1883 Antoni Gaudí adalamulidwa kupitiliza ndi ntchito za kachisi wa Sagrada Familia ku Barcelona. Imeneyi inali ntchito yamoyo wake ndipo adaigwira mpaka kumwalira. Kudzipereka kwake pantchitoyi kudafika pachimake kotero kuti adagonjetsa miyambo yosavuta ya Neo-Gothic yomwe womanga wake woyamba, FP del Villar, adamupatsa, ngakhale kalembedwe kabwino kamene womulimbikitsa JM Bocabella adafuna kuti amupatse.

Kapangidwe kake ndiwekha, kotero kuti palibe chofananacho chopezeka kwina kulikonse, Gaudí adapanga tchalitchi chokhala ndi ma naves asanu, okhala ndi magawo atatu ndi nsanja khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu zophiphiritsa. Wopanga mapulaniyo anali wotsimikiza kuti kapangidwe kake kangaphatikizepo kuphatikiza kwamapangidwe oyamba achi Gothic ndi zomwe amachitcha "kalembedwe ka Byzantine".

Zamkati Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia inali ntchito yofuna kutchuka kotero kuti Gaudí adazindikira kuti sangathe kumaliza m'badwo umodzi. Chifukwa chake adasankha kuyang'ana kwambiri pazithunzi za Kubadwa kwa Yesu, akuyembekeza kuti gawolo lithandizira mibadwo yamtsogolo kupitilizabe kumanga kachisi.

Maulosi a Gaudí anali olondola pomwe imfa yake idachitika mu 1926. Zoyala za Kubadwa kwa Yesu zidatsala pang'ono kumaliza pomwe adamwalira ndipo mibadwo yotsatira yakwanitsa kumaliza chikwangwani cha Passion. M'zaka zapitazi za XNUMXth century, ntchito idachitika yophimba chapakati cha nave ndipo ntchito zikupitilirabe.

Papa Benedict XVI anapatulira mpingo wamakono ngati tchalitchi mu Novembala 2010. Nyumba yokongola yomwe kukopa kwake kumapangitsa kukhala imodzi mwazinthu zamakono ku Europe. Tikiti yoyambira ndi ma euro 15 ndipo ili ku Carrer de Mallorca, 401, 08013 ku Barcelona.

Paki ya Guell

Park Güell ku Barcelona

Masitepe a Park Güell ku Barcelona

Amadziwika ndi dzina loti Eusebi Güell, wabizinesi wachuma waku Catalan yemwe adapatsa Gaudí ntchito zambiri zomwe womangamanga adachita ku Barcelona. Pakiyi ndi yapagulu ndipo ili ndi malo pafupifupi mahekitala 77. Mukangolowa, mwayiwu umakhala wofanizira wam'mwambamwamba padziko lapansi ndi uzimu.

Alendo omwe amabwera ku Park Güell sangaphonyeke: zipilala zolowera, masitepe, chipinda cha Hipóstila kapena chipinda cha Columns mazana, lalikulu ndi ma viaducts, Kalvari ndipo, pomaliza, Gaudí House-Museum, komwe tipeze zambiri kumvetsetsa bwino ntchito ya waluso wapadera uyu.

Monga chidwi, Kuyambira 2013, alendo onse ayenera kulipira tikiti kuti akapeze zikumbutso za Park Güell. Matikiti awa amawononga ma euro 8 ndipo amatha kugulidwa kumaofesi amatikiti omwe ali pakiyo komanso pa intaneti, pomwe alendo angapindule ndi kuchotsera pang'ono.

Kuthekera kumangokhala kwa alendo mazana anayi pa theka la ola limodzi kuti apewe kuchuluka kwa anthu ndikuthandizira kusamalira ndikukhazikika kwa malowa. Ili ku Carrer d'Olot, s / n, 08024 ku Barcelona.

Nyumba zamakono za Gaudí

casa batllo barcelona

Nyumba ya Batlló

Casa Vicens (Carrer de les Carolines, 18-24, 08012 Barcelona): Yomangidwa pakati pa 1883 ndi 1888, Inali ntchito yoyamba yofunikira kuchokera ku Gaudí ndipo idapangidwa kalembedwe kambiri mosiyana kwambiri ndi zomwe zidagwiranso ntchito pambuyo pake.

Casa Milá (Provença, 261-265, 08008 Barcelona): Wodziwika kuti La Pedrera chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake akunja, mofanana ndi miyala yamatabwa yotseguka, Casa Milà inali komiti yomwe opanga mafakitale a Pere Milà i Camps adapanga ku Gaudí koyambirira za m'zaka za zana la makumi awiri. Lingaliro linali kumanga nyumba monga banja lokhalamo komanso ndi nyumba zogona. Iyi ndi ntchito yomaliza yomanga ya zomangamanga ndipo imodzi mwazinthu zatsopano kwambiri kuchokera pamalingaliro omanga komanso okongoletsa.

Casa Batlló (Passeig de Gràcia, 43, 08007 Barcelona): Yomangidwa pakati pa 1904 ndi 1906 motsogozedwa ndi Josep Batlló, nyumbayi ndi luso la Gaudí komanso chidutswa chachikulu chamakono amakatalani. Nyumba yakale ya banja la Batlló imatha kuchezeredwanso komanso chipinda chapamwamba (zipinda zakale zosungiramo zovala ndi zipinda zochapira), bwalo lanyumba ndi chimney (pomwe msana wotchuka wa chinjoka wogonjetsedwa ndi San Jorge) ndi Patio de Luces wokongola (masitepe oyandikana nawo akale). Khomo lolowera ku Casa Batlló lili ndi mtengo wa mayuro 22,5 kwa akulu ndi 19,5 kwa ana.

Ntchito zina za Gaudí ku Barcelona

Güell Pavilions

Güell Pavilions

Kuphatikiza pa ntchito za Antoni Gaudí zomwe zatchulidwa mu Modernist Route, zomwe ndi zonse zomwe timapeza mdera la Eixample, pali zitsanzo zina zosangalatsa za womanga nyumba wobalalika mzindawo.

Nyumba zokhala ndi malo a Güell (Avenida de Pedralbes, 7) adawonetsa chiyambi cha ubale wopindulitsa pakati pa wopanga mapulani ndi wabizinesi Eusebi Güell. Bungweli linali ndikupanga nyumba ziwiri pakhomo la malo ndi khomo lakumaso, komwe adakonza chinjoka chachitsulo.

Mu Güell Palace (Nou de la Rambla msewu, 3-5) ndiwokonza mapulani adakhazikitsa malingaliro ake ena oyamba koyamba kuti agwiritse ntchito, zomwe zitha kuwonedwa koposa zonse mkatikati mwamtendere komanso mu mayankho omwe amapezeka kuti atenge mwayi wa kuwala kwa dzuwa.

Pansi pa phiri la Tibidabo, pali nyumba ya Figueres (Bellesguard street, 16-20) yomwe imadziwikanso kuti Bellesguard tower, komwe Gaudí adagwiritsa ntchito masomphenya ake pamachitidwe achi Catalan neo-Gothic.

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