The Fallas of Valencia ndi kale malo achikhalidwe padziko lonse lapansi

Kugwa ku Valencia

Pambuyo pazaka ziwiri zakukwezedwa kwambiri pochirikiza kuyimilira kwa Las Fallas kukhala Heritage Yosaoneka ya UmunthuPomaliza, chikondwererochi chotchuka cha Valencian chadziwika ndi ulemuwu.

Msonkhano wa khumi ndi umodzi wa Unesco wapereka chigamulo chake sabata yatha ku likulu la UN ku Addis Ababa, likulu la Ethiopia. Chikondwerero cha zaluso ndi moto, pomaliza pake, Heritage Yosaoneka ya Anthu ndi dziko la Fallas sichingakhale chosangalala.

Pamwambowu kwa anthu aku Spain, timawunikanso za komwe Las Fallas idachokera, ndi nthawi ziti zosangalatsa kwambiri, ndi zifukwa ziti zomwe zidawapangitsa kukhala oyenera kuzindikira izi komanso zomwe madera ena achi Valencian apatsidwanso ndi UNESCO.

Kodi chiyambi cha Las Fallas de Valencia ndi chiyani?

Pali malingaliro ambiri okhudzana ndi chiyambi cha Las Fallas koma sizingakane zimenezo Uwu ndi umodzi mwamaphwando akale kwambiri ku Spain, kuyambira pomwe zolembedwa zoyambirira momwe amatchulidwapo kuyambira zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Chikhulupiriro chofala kwambiri ndikuti gwero lake ndi gulu la akalipentala a Valencia, omwe usiku woweruza wa San José, adawotcha ndodo yomwe adayikapo nyali kuti agwire ntchito usiku pamaso pa malo awo ophunzitsira. Ndodo iyi idalumikizidwa ndi zonunkhira zakale zomwe zidasinthika kukhala zovuta zomwe zilipo.

Chaka chilichonse pafupi ndi 700 fallas amabzalidwa ku Valencia, chifukwa chake mufunika mapu (omwe amapezeka kumaofesi azoyendera) ndi nsapato zabwino kuti muwayendere onse. Zowoneka bwino kwambiri nthawi zambiri zimaphatikizidwa mu Gawo Lapadera. Town Hall, Convent ndi Pilar sizikhumudwitsa konse.

Kugwa ku Valencia

Ndi zifukwa ziti zomwe Unesco idapereka pakuwapatsa mphotho?

Okutobala watha, mlembi wa bungwe lapadziko lonse lapansi adalengeza kuti a Fallas de Valencia adakhala m'gulu loyimira bungwe la Intangible Heritage of Humanity potsatira mfundo zoyendetsedwa ndi Unesco: kuyanjana kwawo ndi ufulu wa anthu, kutseguka kwawo pagulu lililonse komanso m'badwo uliwonse gulu, kutenga nawo gawo kwa amayi pokonzekera ndikukwaniritsa, zaluso zake zaluso ndi zaluso, ndi zina zambiri.

Valencia Fallas 4

Nthawi zosangalatsa kwambiri za Las Fallas

La Cridà ndiye mfuti yoyambira a Fallas ku Valencia. Ku Valencian, mawuwa amatanthauza "kuyitanitsa" ndipo pochita izi ma falleras akuluakulu aku Valencia, amapempha anthu am'deralo ndi alendo kuti achite nawo phwandolo. La Cridà imachitika Lamlungu lomaliza la Okutobala ku Torres de Serranos, chimodzi mwazikumbutso zofunika kwambiri mzindawu ndipo ndiyofunika kuyendera.

La Plantá ichitika pa Marichi 16 koma titha kukhala ndi mwayi wopezeka pantchitozi poyendera Ninot Exhibition. Muchitsanzo ichi imodzi mwamaofesi a fallera amatengedwa, omwe mosakayikira amatilola kuti tipeze lingaliro lazabwino zomwe zidzawoneke mchaka chimenecho. Mwa makumi asanu ndi anayi asanu ndi anayi omwe asonkhanitsidwa pano, ovota kwambiri adzakhululukidwa pakuwotcha.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zosangalatsa kwambiri zomwe zidachitika ku Las Fallas ndi Cabalgata de Fuego. Zimachitika pa Marichi 19 ndipo ndiye chiyambi cha Nit del Foc yotchuka, pomwe ma fallas onse awotchedwa. Ndi perete ndi nyimbo, ovina ndi moto wotengedwa ndi omwe amatchedwa ziwanda. Patangopita maola ochepa malawiwo adasanduka phulusa lomwe lakhala likukongoletsa Valencia kwa masiku angapo.

Pakati pa moto, nyimbo ndi ma pyrotechnics, Las Fallas ali ndi mphindi yopanda phokoso yokonzekera kupereka maluwa ku Virgen de los Desamparados, chimodzi mwazochitika zokongola kwambiri paphwandopo. Kwa masiku pafupifupi awiri, ma falleros mazana atavala zovala zofananira ndikumayendera limodzi ndi nyimbo zanyimbo, amabweretsa maluwa kwa Namwali kuti aphimbe chovala chake cha mita-XNUMX.

Valencia Fallas 2

Malangizo ochezera Las Fallas

  • Sungani malo ogulitsira pasadakhale, chifukwa ndimaphwando otanganidwa kwambiri ndipo mphindi zomaliza zimakhala zosatheka kupeza zipinda.
  • Mukafika ku Valencia, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti mugwiritse ntchito zoyendera pagulu kuti musayende kuzungulira mzindawo popeza sipadzakhala zovuta zamagalimoto, mudzafika msanga ndipo simudzavulala chifukwa chamisewu mumsewu.
  • Sankhani nsapato ndi zovala zabwino kuti muziyenda mozungulira Valencia nthawi ya Las Fallas. Musaiwale mapulagi akumvera kuti mumvere ma mascletás. Phokosolo ndi lalikulu kwambiri ndipo ngati simunazolowere ndibwino kuti musadziulule.

Zowonjezera zina za Valencian zodziwika ndi UNESCO

Mu 1996 Lonja de la Seda idaphatikizidwa pamndandanda wa World Heritage m'gulu la Zachikhalidwe Chuma, momwe Mediterranean Rock Art ya Iberian Peninsula imapezekanso kuyambira 1998.

A Fallas adakulitsa mndandanda womwe udapangidwanso ndi Elche Mystery kuyambira 2001, ndi Khothi Lamadzi la Valencia ku 2009 ndi Chikondwerero cha Mare de Déu de la Salut de Algemesí mu 2011.

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