Matauni okongola a Toledo

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Ngati tilingalira ulendo wodutsa mu matauni okongola a Toledo, tidzayenera kusankha chifukwa ndi ambiri. Chigawo ichi cha Castilian cha La Mancha chili ndi mwayi wapadera wolamulidwa ndi a Montes de Toledo ndi Mitsinje ya Tagus ndi Tiétar, zomwe zimatha kupita ku woyamba.

Koma koposa zonse, chigwa cha Toledo chili ndi matauni okongola odzaza ndi mbiri ndi zipilala. Momwemonso, ili ndi malo okhala ndi mizu yakuzama, popeza musaiwale kuti zosayerekezeka Don Quixote adakhala ndi zochitika zake zambiri m'maiko awa. Zonsezi zimapanga chigawo chomwe muyenera kudziwa bwino. Kuti mukhale ndi kalozera, tikuwonetsani zosankha zathu zamatawuni okongola a Toledo.

Mzinda wa Puebla de Montalban

Mzinda wa Puebla de Montalban

Plaza Meya waku La Puebla de Montalbán

Tikadakhala tikulankhula za ma resonances olemba, tawuni iyi inali chiyambi cha Ferdinand de Rojas, wolemba wa Celestine. Ndi za dera la Torrijos, pafupifupi chapakati pa chigawocho, mpaka kuchigwa chachonde cha Tagus.

Koma La Puebla imadziŵika chifukwa cha cholowa chake chachikulu. Monga mitsempha pakati ndi Plaza Mayor, nthawi zambiri Castilian, momwe mumatha kuwona mpingo wa Dona Wathu Wamtendere, yomwe ndi kusintha kwa Gothic kupita ku Renaissance. Mupezanso m'bwaloli nyumba ya Town Hall ndi Nyumba yachifumu Yachiwerengero cha Montalbán, zomangamanga zochititsa chidwi za Renaissance ndi Plateresque touches.

Tikukulangizaninso kuti mukachezere m'tawuniyi malo okhala a Nuestra Señora de la Soledad ndi Santísimo Cristo de la Caridad, woyamba kukhala baroque ndi wachiwiri wakale; masisitere a Franciscan ndi masisitere a Conceptionist ndi a Saint Michael's Tower, tchalitchi china chakale, chomwe chili chimodzi mwa zizindikiro za tauniyo.

Koma muyenera kuyendera, ndendende, ndi Celestine Museum kumvetsetsa bwino wolemba ndi chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe cha ntchito yaikulu iyi ya makalata athu. Komanso, kusiya La Puebla, muli ndi Tagus Bridge, ya m’zaka za zana la XNUMX, ndipo, pafupifupi makilomita asanu ndi atatu kuchokera kumeneko, mudzapeza zochititsa chidwi Malo a Burujon Canyon, zoumba zadongo zomwe zingakukumbutseni za Grand Canyon ku Colorado.

Orgaz, ina mwa tauni yokongola ya Toledo

Zithunzi za Orgaz Castle

Castillo de Orgaz, umodzi mwamidzi yokongola kwambiri ku Toledo

Ili m'mphepete mwa Sierra de Yébenes komanso m'mphepete mwa nyanja Chigawo cha Sisla Mudzapeza tawuni yokongola imeneyi yomwe tikuphatikizansopo m'matawuni okongola a Toledo chifukwa cha malo ake ochititsa chidwi kwambiri.

Kuti muyambe ulendo wanu wa Orgaz, mutha kuchezera Plaza Mayor, komanso mpingo wa Santo Tomás Apostol, yomangidwa ndi Alberto de Churriguerra m'zaka za zana la khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu, ndi Orgas Castle, yomwe inayamba m'zaka za m'ma XIV ndipo ndi chimodzi mwa zizindikiro za tawuniyi. Mudzachita chidwi ndi nsanja yopembedzerayo, yomwe kutalika kwake ndi mamita makumi awiri.

Palinso zotsalira za khoma lakale ku Orgaz ndi ziwiri mwa zipata zinayi zomwe zinadutsamo: the mabwalo a Belén ndi San José. Momwemonso, tawuniyi ili ndi milatho ingapo ya mbiri yakale, yomwe ili ndi imodzi mwazo maso asanu, yomangidwa munthawi ya Charles III, komanso ndi madera angapo monga a El Socorro ndi La Concepción.

Komano, chiwerengero chachikulu cha nyumba zapamwamba zomwe zimadzaza misewu yake. Mwachitsanzo, tidzatchula nyumba za Count Tierrapilares, Calderón de la Barca, Ioseph kapena Vizcaíno. Ndipo, potsirizira pake, Orgaz ndi malo ozungulira amaonekera bwino chifukwa cha mtengo wawo wofukula zakale.

Monga chitsanzo cha izi, makilomita asanu kuchokera mtawuniyi ndi chigawo cha Arisgotas, momwe mudzapeza zosangalatsa Visigoth Art Museum. Momwemonso, paphiri la La Tocha mutha kuwona ma menhir awiri omwe adakhala zaka mazana khumi ndi asanu, mu Torrejon pali necropolis yaku Roma ndi mkati Villaverde mungapeze zotsalira za mlatho ndi msewu kuchokera nthawi yomweyo.

Ocaña ndi Meya wake wokongola wa Plaza

Plaza Mayor of Ocaña

Malo okongola a Plaza Mayor of Ocaña

Tawuni ina yabwinoyi ili kumpoto chakum’mawa kwa chigawo cha Toledo, kumalire ndi chigawocho Aranjuez, yomwe, monga mukudziwa, ili kale ku Madrid. Chimodzi mwa zizindikiro zake ndi kukongola kwake Plaza Mayor, yomangidwa m'zaka za zana la 2002 ndi maonekedwe a baroque. Kuyambira XNUMX, ndizosangalatsa zachikhalidwe.

Tikukulangizani kuti mupite ku Ocaña Kasupe Wamkulu, mwala wa Renaissance by Juan de Herrera mu 1578, ndi Cardenas Palace, kuyambira nthawi yomweyi, koma yomangidwa motsatira malamulo a Gothic, ngakhale kuti adasintha kupita ku Renaissance. Chimodzimodzinso masiku ano Lope de Vega Theatre, Koleji yakale ya Sosaite ya Yesu.

Kumbali ina, zipilala zokongola zachipembedzo ku Ocaña zikusoŵeka. The tchalitchi cha Santa María de la Asunción Idamangidwa m'zaka za zana la XNUMX mumayendedwe a neoclassical pamabwinja am'mbuyomu omwe, nawonso, adamangidwa kuchokera ku mzikiti wakale. The parishi ya San Juan Bautista ndi yakale, popeza idalembedwa m'zaka za XIII, ngakhale idasinthidwa kangapo pambuyo pake. Ngakhale izi, zikuphatikizidwa muzojambula za Mudejar za Toledo.

La belu nsanja ya tchalitchi cha San Martin Ndi chinthu chokhacho chomwe chatsalira pa izi ndipo chalengezedwa kuti ndi chidwi cha chikhalidwe. Yomangidwa kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX, ili mumayendedwe a Herrerian. Momwemonso, Ocaña imakupatsirani nyumba zabwino kwambiri zama conventual. Mwa awa, a Santo Domingo de Guzmán ndi Santa Catalina de Siena, onse amtundu wa Renaissance. Ndipo, kunja kwenikweni, mupeza Kasupe Wakale, mwina kuyambira nthawi za Aroma.

Pomaliza, Ocaña ilinso ndi zolembedwa. Don anafera m’mudzimo Rodrigo Manrique, imene mwana wake anapatulirako Coplas mpaka imfa ya abambo ake. Komanso m'tauniyi muli ntchito yotchuka ya Lope de Vega Peribáñez ndi wamkulu wa Ocaña. Monga ngati zimenezo sizinali zokwanira, iye anabadwira kumeneko Alonso de Ercilla, wolemba wa The Araucana.

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Nyumba ya The Towers

Nyumba ya Towers, ku Tembleque

Mzindawu uli kum’mawa kwa chigawo cha Toledo ndipo uli pamtunda wa makilomita pafupifupi XNUMX kuchokera ku likulu lake. Komanso kumakupatsani zodabwitsa Plaza Mayor makamaka kuchokera ku La Mancha. Ndi pulani yapansi panthaka, ili ndi makonde othandizidwa ndi mizati ndi makonde kumtunda kwake. Yomangidwa pakati pa zaka za m'ma XNUMX ndi XNUMX, ili ndi mawonekedwe a baroque komanso zokongoletsera zamatabwa zamtengo wapatali. Ponena za izi, mwayi waukulu umawonekera, wophimbidwa ndi cantilever wokhala ndi malingaliro opindika.

Komanso ndi baroque kuyambira zaka za m'ma XVIII. nyumba ya nsanja, chomwe chadziwika kuti ndi chipilala chaukadaulo chambiri komanso chodziwika bwino ndi mawonekedwe ake okongola. Ndipo kuyambira nthawi yomweyi ndi ya Postas kapena Old Barracks, ngakhale zovuta kwambiri.

Kumbali ina, chipilala chofunikira kwambiri chachipembedzo chomwe mungapeze ku Tembleque ndicho Mpingo wa Amayi Athu Akukwera. Inamangidwa m'zaka za zana la XNUMX ndipo ili ndi mawonekedwe osinthika kuchokera ku Gothic kupita ku Renaissance. Kunja, ndi chodziŵika bwino ndi nsanja yake yochititsa chidwi, ndipo, m’kati mwake, muli matchalitchi angapo, amene mwa iwo a Jesús Nazareno ndi Virgen del Rosario amaonekera kwambiri.

Cholowa chachipembedzo cha tawuni ya Toledo chimamalizidwa ndi hermitages a La Purísima Concepción, Cristo del Valle, Loreto ndi San Antón. Koma chidwi kwambiri ndi wina wochokera ku Veracruz chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake octagonal kutha mu dome.

Escalona, ​​​​m'mphepete mwa Alberche

Nyumba ya Escalona

Castillo de Escalona, ​​tawuni ina yokongola ya Toledo

Ndiwonso, monga La Puebla de Montalban, ku dera la Torrijos, ngakhale mu nkhaniyi ili m'mphepete mwa mtsinje wa Alberche. Ayenera kuti adakhalako kuyambira kalekale, popeza mabwinja a Celtic, Roman ndi Visigoth adapezeka m'derali. Kale mu Middle Ages, inali yofunika kwambiri chifukwa cha malo ake abwino.

Ndipotu, chizindikiro chachikulu cha Escalona ndi chake nyumba yachifumu, yomwe imalandira dzinali chifukwa ili ndi linga lokha komanso nyumba yachifumu ya Mudejar. Kukhalapo kwake kunalembedwa m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, ngakhale kuti amakhulupirira kuti inali mpanda wa Aroma poyamba. Kumbali ina, kupitiliza ndi zolemba zolemba zomwe takhala tikukufotokozerani komanso ngati anecdote, tidzakuuzani kuti munyumbayi. Mwana wakhanda Don Juan Manuel, wolemba wakale yemwe anatisiya Werengani Lucanor.

Muyeneranso kuwona m'derali chipata cha san miguel, pamene pali nsanja. Pambali wa Saint Vincent, ndi amene asungidwa ku linga lakale. Tchalitchi chofunikira kwambiri ku Escalona chimapatulidwiranso ku San Miguel Arcángel, womangidwa pakachisi wakale wachi Romanesque. Mkati mwake mumatha kuwona chojambula chokongola cha baroque. Momwemonso, cholowa chachipembedzo cha tawuniyi chimamalizidwa ndi a Msonkhano wa Achifranciscan Conceptionists. Koma Escalona imakupatsiraninso malo wamba a Castilian. Zili choncho Wolemba Don Juan Manuel, m'mene muli nyumba ya khonsolo, lero Laibulale ya Municipal yokhala ndi nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale yaying'ono, komanso choyimilira chabwino.

Kumbali inayi, Escalona adadziwa momwe angadzikhazikitsirenso ngati zojambulajambula zamatawuni kuti zikope zokopa alendo. M'misewu yake mutha kuwona zitsanzo zambiri za ntchito ya wojambula mumsewu Bambo Stroke. Ndipo, potsiriza, ngati mutayendera tawuni m'chilimwe ndikumverera ngati mukusamba, muli ndi Mtsinje wa mtsinje m'mphepete mwa mtsinje wa Alberche. Kuchokera pamenepo, mudzawonanso mlatho wokongola wochokera m'zaka za zana la XNUMX.

Pomaliza, takuwonetsani zina matauni okongola a Toledo. Koma tikhoza kukuuzani za ena ambiri, popeza kuti m’chigawochi muli anthu amtengo wapatali kwambiri. Monga chitsanzo, tidzakutchulani Oropesa, ndi mabwalo ake aŵiri ndi nsanja yake yokongola ya Wotchi; makongoletsedwe, ndi Chipata chake cha Khalifa ndi Mpanda wake wa La Vela; A Toboso, dziko la Dulcinea wopanda pake; Wowonongera, ndi makina ake oyendera mphepo a La Mancha, kapenanso Zamgululi, ndi tchalitchi chake chochititsa chidwi kwambiri cha Santísimo Sacramento. Kodi simukuganiza kuti zimenezi ndi zifukwa zokwanira zoyendera matauni okongola a ku Toledo?

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