Mbiri ya Blue Mosque ku Istanbul

Imodzi mwamapositikhadi apamwamba kwambiri ku Turkey ndi Blue Mosque yotchuka yomwe imayimilira kuthambo la Istanbul. Zowoneka bwino, zokongola, zokhotakhota, pali matanthauzidwe ambiri azomangamanga ndi zojambulajambula izi nthawi imodzi.

Ulendo wopita ku Istanbul sungakhale wathunthu mwanjira iliyonse popanda kupita ku nyumba yofunikayi UNESCO idaphatikizansopo mndandanda wawo wa World Heritage Sites mu 1985. Kuzindikira ndiye mbiri ya Blue Mosque ku Istanbul.

Blue Mosque

Dzinalo ndilo Msikiti wa Sultan Ahmed ndipo idamangidwa kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma XVIII (1609 ku 1616), mu ulamuliro wa Ahmed I. Ndi gawo la zovuta, zofananira kulliye, opangidwa ndi mzikiti ndi zodalira zina zomwe zingakhale mabafa, khitchini, ophika buledi ndi ena.

Pano pali manda a Ahmed I mwini, pali hospice komanso a madrasah, bungwe la maphunziro. Kumanga kwake kunaposa mzikiti wina wotchuka kwambiri wa ku Turkey, wa Hagia Sophia yomwe ili pafupi, koma nkhani yake ndi yotani?

Choyamba, ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti Ufumu wa Ottoman wadziwa momwe angachitire ku Ulaya ndi Asia. Kulowa kwake ku kontinenti yaku Europe kwakhala kosiyanasiyana komanso kowopedwa, makamaka mkangano wake ndi ufumu wa Habsburg.

M'lingaliro limeneli, mkangano pakati pa awiriwa unatha mu 1606 ndi kusaina kwa Sitvatorok Peace Treaty, ku Hungary, ngakhale kuti lero likulu la kampaniyo lidakali ku Slovakia.

Mtendere unasaina kwa zaka 20 ndi pangano Idasainidwa ndi Archduke Matthias waku Austria ndi Sultan Ahmed I. Nkhondoyo inabweretsa kuluza kochuluka kumene ena anawonjezedwa pankhondo ndi Perisiya, chotero m’nyengo yatsopano yamtendere imeneyo Sultan adaganiza zomanga mzikiti waukulu kuti atsimikizirenso mphamvu ya Ottoman. Msikiti wachifumu unali usanamangidwe kwa zaka zosachepera makumi anayi, koma ndalama zinalibe.

Misikiti yachifumu yapitayi idamangidwa ndi phindu lankhondo, koma Ahmed, yemwe analibe kupambana kwakukulu pankhondo, adatenga ndalama kuchokera ku chuma cha dziko, motero, kumanga komwe kunali pakati pa 1609 ndi 1616 sikunali kopanda kutsutsidwa ndi oweruza achi Muslim. . Mwina sanakonde lingalirolo kapena sanamukonde Ahmed I.

Pakumangako, malo omwe nyumba yachifumu ya mafumu a Byzantine adayimilira adasankhidwa, mwachilungamo kutsogolo kwa tchalitchi cha Hagia Sofia yomwe panthawiyo inali mzikiti waukulu wachifumu mumzindawu, komanso bwalo la ma hippodrome, zomanga zokongola komanso zofunika kwambiri ku Istanbul wakale.

Kodi Blue Mosque ndi chiyani? Ili ndi ma domes asanu, ma minareti asanu ndi limodzi, ndi ma dome ena asanu ndi atatu. Pali zinthu zina za Byzantine, ena ofanana ndi a Hagia Sofia, koma m’mizere wamba amatsatira chikhalidwe cha Chisilamu, chapamwamba kwambiri. Sedefkâr Mehmed Aga anali mmisiri wake ndipo anali wophunzira wabwino kwambiri wa Master Sinan, mkulu wa omanga mapulani a Ottoman ndi injiniya wa zomangamanga wa ma sultan angapo.

Cholinga chake chinali kachisi wamkulu komanso wokongola kwambiri. Ndipo amakwaniritsa! Mkati mwa mzikitiwo amakongoletsedwa ndi matailosi a ceramic opitilira 20 a Iznik, mzinda wa chigawo cha Turkey cha Bursa, mbiri yakale yotchedwa Nicaea, mumitundu yoposa 50 ndi makhalidwe osiyanasiyana: pali miyambo, pali maluwa, cypresses, zipatso ... mawindo agalasi opitilira 200 zomwe zimalola kudutsa kwa kuwala kwachilengedwe. Kuwala kumeneku kumalandira thandizo kuchokera ku nyale zomwe zili mkatimo, zomwenso zinali ndi mazira a nthiwatiwa mkati mwake chifukwa poyamba ankakhulupirira kuti amaopa akangaude.

Ponena za kukongoletsa pali aya za Qur'an opangidwa ndi m'modzi mwa odziwika bwino kwambiri panthawiyo, Seyyid Kasin Gubari, ndi pansi pamakhala makapeti operekedwa ndi okhulupirika zomwe zikusinthidwa pomwe zikutha. Kumbali ina, mawindo apansi, omwe amatha kutsegulidwa, komanso ndi zokongoletsera zokongola. Semi-dome iliyonse imakhala ndi mazenera ambiri, pafupifupi 14, koma dome yapakati imawonjezera 28. Yokongola. Mkati mwake muli chonchi, chochititsa chidwi kwambiri.

El mihrad ndicho chinthu chofunika kwambiri mkati, yopangidwa ndi nsangalabwi yabwino, yozunguliridwa ndi mazenera ndi khoma lakumbali lokhala ndi matailosi adothi. Chapafupi ndi guwa, pomwe Imam waima akupereka ulaliki. Kuchokera pamalo amenewo kumawonekera kwa onse omwe ali mkati.

Palinso kiosk yachifumu pakona imodzi, yokhala ndi nsanja ndi zipinda ziwiri zopumira zomwe zimapereka mwayi wopita kubwalo lamasewera kapena ndi Mahfil mothandizidwa ndi mizati yambiri ya nsangalabwi ndi mihrab yake. Mumzikitiwu muli nyale zambiri moti zimaoneka ngati polowera kumwamba. Aliyense ali zokongoletsedwa ndi golidi ndi miyala ya mtengo wake ndipo monga tanenera pamwambapa, mkati mwa zotengera zamagalasi mumatha kuwona mazira a nthiwatiwa ndi mipira yambiri yamagalasi yomwe yatayika kapena kubedwa kapena yomwe ili mnyumba zosungiramo zinthu zakale.

Ndipo kunja kwake ndi kotani? Facade ndi mofanana ndi Msikiti wa Suleiman, koma iwo awonjezeredwa nyumba zapakona ndi turrets. Bwaloli ndi lalitali ngati mzikiti womwewo ndipo uli ndi mabwalo angapo okhala ndi malo omwe okhulupirika amatha kutsuka. Pali a font yapakati pa hexagonal ndipo pali sukulu ya mbiri yakale yomwe masiku ano imagwira ntchito ngati malo a chidziwitso, kumbali ya Hgaia Sofía. Msikiti ali ndi mizere isanu: pali zinayi m'makona, iliyonse ili ndi makonde atatu, ndipo pali ena awiri kumapeto kwa khonde lomwe lili ndi makonde awiri okha.

Kufotokozera uku sikungakhale kopambana monga kuwonera pamaso panu. Y mumawona bwino mukayandikira kuchokera pabwalo lamilandukapena, kumadzulo kwa kachisi. Ngati simuli Muslim, ndiye muyenera kuyendera kuno. Amalimbikitsa kuti asapereke kufunika kwa anthu omwe ali omasuka pakhomo, kuyesera kugulitsa zinthu kapena kukutsimikizirani kuti kuchita mzere sikofunikira. Sizili choncho. Khalani ndi alendo ena onse.

Malangizo ochezera:

  • Ndikoyenera kupita pakati pa m'mawa. Pali mapemphero asanu pa tsiku ndipo mzikiti umatseka mphindi 90 pa pemphero lililonse. Pewani Lachisanu, makamaka.
  • Umalowa opanda nsapato ndikuyika m'thumba lapulasitiki lomwe amakupatsa pakhomo laulere.
  • Kuloledwa ndi kwaulere.
  • Ngati ndinu mkazi, muyenera kuphimba mutu wanu ndipo ngati mulibe china chake, iwonso akupatseni inu chinachake kumeneko, kwaulere, kuphimba icho. Khosi ndi mapewa ayeneranso kuphimbidwa.
  • Mkati mwa mzikiti muyenera kukhala chete, osajambula zithunzi ndi flash komanso osajambula kapena kuyang'ana kwambiri omwe ali pamenepo akupemphera.
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