Mlatho wa San Francisco

Bridge la San Francisco ndi positi khadi yamzindawu yomwe aliyense amatengera kwawo akakhala ku West Coast chifukwa ndi malo ochezera alendo oposa 10 miliyoni pachaka.

Kupanga uku kwaumisiri komwe kumalumikiza Mari County ku California ndi San Francisco kwakhala chithunzi chifukwa chokhazikika komanso mtundu wake wapadera. Usiku, masana ndipo pafupifupi nthawi zonse kuli chifunga, anthu ambiri opanga makanema, olemba ndi olemba nyimbo akhala akupanga nthano kuzungulira mlatho kuyambira pomwe adamangidwira San Francisco Bay.

Ndi mlatho woyimitsa womwe umadutsa Golden Gate Strait, njira yotalika pafupifupi makilomita atatu yolumikiza doko la mzindawu ndi Pacific Ocean. Asanamangidwe panali mabwato koma nthawi zonse kufunika kwa mlatho kunali kofunikira. Crisis of 29 idachedwetsa ntchito yomanga koma pamapeto pake idayamba mu 1933 ndipo idatha mu 1937.

Lero mutha kupita kukayenda kokayenda pang'ono kapena kuyenda pang'ono kapena kukwera njinga kapena kupita kukaona malo. Ili ndi malo ake ochezera alendo omwe ali ndi mbiri yakale komanso malonda azokumbutsa. Ofesiyi imatsegulidwa kuyambira 9 koloko mpaka 6 koloko masana ndipo nthawi zambiri mumakhala zowonetsera kunja. Kawiri pa sabata pali maulendo owongoleredwa aulere, Lachinayi ndi Lamlungu.

Kodi ndi chiyani pa Bridge ya Golden Gate yomwe imasiyanitsa?

  • Amatchulidwa ndi khwalala lomwe limamangidwa. Koma bwanji Golden Gate? Ndikuti idabatizidwa motere ndi Captain John C. Fremont kuzungulira chaka cha 1846 kuyambira pomwe idamukumbutsa za doko ku Istanbul lotchedwa Chrysoceras kapena Golden Horn.
  • Kapangidwe kake kochititsa chidwi ndi ntchito ya akatswiri angapo amisiri, Irving ndi Gertrude Morrow, omwe adachepetsa mayendedwe a oyenda pansi, kuwalekanitsa m'njira yomwe siyimasokoneza mawonedwe.
  • Kumangidwaku kunatenga zaka zoposa zinayi kuyambira pomwe idayamba pa Januware 5, 1933 ndipo mlathowu udatsegulidwa kuti ugwirizane ndi magalimoto pa Meyi 28, 1937.
  • Ili ndi kutalika kwa mamita 1.280 m'mbali yake yopachikidwa pamadzi, imayimitsidwa ndi nsanja ziwiri zazitali za 227 mita, iliyonse yomwe ili ndi ma rivets pafupifupi 600.
  • Mphepo ndi mafunde omwe amapezeka kumeneku zidapangitsa kuti zingwe zachitsulo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pomanga zikhale zazitali kwambiri, zokwanira kuzungulira dziko lapansi katatu. Kukayikira kwa akatswiri ndi akatswiri azachilengedwe panthawiyo adazindikira kuti mawaya awa anali olimba kasanu kuposa momwe amafunikira.
  • Posankha lalanje, lalanje lidasankhidwa chifukwa limaphatikizana bwino ndi chilengedwe, chifukwa ndimtundu wofunda mogwirizana ndi mitundu yamtunda, motsutsana ndi mitundu yozizira yamlengalenga ndi nyanja. Zimathandizanso kuwoneka bwino pazombo zomwe zikuyenda.
  • Maonekedwe ake amafunika kuyesetsa kwambiri: kujambula kwanu kuyenera kubwezeredwa pafupifupi tsiku lililonse. Mchere wamchere umawononga zinthu zachitsulo zomwe zimapanga.
  • Ili ndi misewu isanu ndi umodzi, itatu mbali iliyonse, ndi ina yapadera ya oyenda pansi ndi njinga. Anthu oyenda pansi komanso okwera njinga amatha kuwoloka misewu masana. Pamasabata, oyenda pansi komanso oyendetsa njinga amagawana misewu yakum'mawa, koma kumapeto kwa sabata, oyendetsa njinga amayenda mumsewu wakumadzulo.
  • Chiyambireni kumangidwa, yapirira zivomezi zosiyanasiyana, monga chivomerezi chachikulu chodziwika bwino ku San Francisco mu 1989. Kuphatikiza apo, changotseka katatu kokha chifukwa cha mphepo yamphamvu.
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