Nyanga ya Africa

djibouti coast

Ngati pali kontinenti yabwino, ndi Africa. Wolemekezeka, wokhala ndi chuma chambiri komanso mbiri yakale, komanso nthawi yomweyo, zofunkhidwa, zaiwalika. Zowona za ku Africa nthawi zonse zatikhudza ndipo palibe amene akuwoneka kuti akusamala za kupeza yankho lotsimikizika.

Ndipotu, otchedwa Nyanga ya Africa ndi amodzi mwa madera osauka kwambiri padziko lapansi. Anthu amafa ndi njala, pano pamene munthu adawona moyo zaka zikwi ndi zikwi zapitazo.

nyanga ya africa

Africa

Ndi dera lomwe Ili pa khomo la Nyanja Yofiira ku Indian Ocean., kuchokera ku Arabia Peninsula. Ndi chilumba chachikulu chomwe lero chimagawidwa m'mayiko anayi: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti ndi Somalia. Yabatizidwa ndi dzina loti “nyanga” chifukwa ili ndi mawonekedwe a katatu.

Mbiri ya ndale ya gawo ili la kontinenti ndi yovuta kwambiri, palibe ulamuliro wokhazikika wa ndale kapena zachuma ndipo chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa mayiko akunja, kale ndi lero. lero, chifukwa Ndi gawo la njira yonyamula mafuta. Dalitso kapena temberero.

puntland

Koma mosasamala kanthu za mikangano imene malo ake aakulu a malo akubweretsa kwa ilo pa mapu a dziko, chowonadi chiri chimenecho nyengo sikuthandiza ndipo nthawi zambiri pamakhala chilala choopsa chomwe chimasokoneza miyoyo ya anthu Anthu 130 miliyoni amakhala ku Horn of Africa.

Mawonekedwe a ku Africa

Mbiri imatiuza izi m'chigawo chino cha kontinenti ya Africa Ufumu wa Aksum unakhazikitsidwa pakati pa zaka za XNUMXst ndi XNUMXth AD.. Imadziwa kusunga malonda ndi India ndi Mediterranean ndipo mwanjira ina inali malo okumana pakati pa Aroma ndi chigawo chachikulu komanso cholemera cha India. Pambuyo pake, pamene Ufumu wa Roma unagwa ndi kufalikira kwa Chisilamu, ufumuwo, umene pambuyo pake unasandulika kukhala Chikristu, unayamba kuchepa.

Mavuto ndi zovuta zinali ndipo ndizofala ndalama pano. Ndi zachilendo kulankhula nthawi zonse Ethiopia pamene akunena za Horn of Africa ndipo izi ndichifukwa anthu opitilira 80% amakhala mdziko muno. Ndilo dziko lachiwiri lokhala ndi anthu ambiri ku Africa, kumbuyo kwa Nigeria, ndipo nthawi zonse pamakhala mavuto andale omwe atha pankhondo kangapo. Ndipo zimenezi zikuwonjezedwa ku masoka achilengedwe a m’derali.

Ethiopia

Pazachuma, Ethiopia idadzipereka kulima khofi ndipo 80% yazogulitsa kunja imagwera pazithandizozi. Dziko la Eritrea kwenikweni ndi dziko lodzipereka pa ulimi ndi ziweto; Somalia imapanga nthochi ndi ng'ombe ndipo Djibouti ndi chuma chantchito.

Chaka chino, 2022, ikulembedwa ku Horn of Africa chilala choipitsitsa m’zaka makumi anayi zapitazi. Zimakhudza anthu oposa 15 miliyoni m'mayiko angapo. Alibe madzi pakadutsa nyengo zinayi za mvula zoyipa kwambiri, ndipo ngati zinthu zipitilira zikutheka kuti si anthu 15 koma 20 miliyoni omwe akhudzidwa ndi vutoli.

Tourism ku Horn of Africa

somalia coast

Kuyendera Horn of Africa ndizotheka komanso pali maulendo opita ku Ethiopia, Somalia, Somaliland ndi Djibouti. Somalia yakhala yokhayokha kwa zaka makumi awiri chifukwa cha kusakhazikika kwandale, komabe ikuloledwa kupanga magulu ang'onoang'ono oyendera likulu. Somaliland ndi gawo losazindikirika ndi dziko lonse lapansi, ngakhale idasunga ufulu wodziyimira pawokha kwa zaka 29. Kodi mumamudziwa?

Koma, Djibouti ndi amodzi mwa mayiko ang'onoang'ono komanso osadziwika bwino mu Africa, ndi mapiri osaphulika, nyanja zokongola ndi nkhalango. Zing'onozing'ono koma zokongola, tikhoza kunena. Onse a Somaliland ndi Djibouti ali m'mphepete mwa kontinenti ya Africa, pamtunda wapamtunda kuchokera kugombe la Nyanja Yofiira.

Djibouti saline lake

Ndiye tiyeni tikambirane za ulendo. Chimodzi ndikutenga ulendo wokaona malo omwe amayambira Djibouti kupeza kukongola kwa Lake Abbe, kumene apaulendo amagona usiku wonse m’mphepete mwa nyanja yamchere imeneyi yomwe madzi ake amasintha mtundu, ndipo yazunguliridwa ndi miyala ikuluikulu ndi yodabwitsa kwambiri. Kuchokera apa ulendo ukupitirira Lac Assal, malo otsika kwambiri pamwamba pa nyanja mu Africa, kumene mchere umasonkhanitsidwa. Ndipo kuchokera kumeneko, ulendo akupitiriza kupeza Kukhazikika kwa Ottoman ku Tadjourah kumphepete mwa nyanja.

Pambuyo pake, ulendowu ukupitilira kudutsa chipululu kupita kumadera owoneka bwino komanso osangalatsa a Somaliland, dziko losiyana kwambiri ndi dziko loyandikana nalo la Somalia. Ngati mumakonda zaluso zapaphanga, Las Geel azikuvutitsani. Zochepa kwambiri zimadziwika padziko lapansi ndipo ndi zokongola. Komanso pitani ku nyumba zakale za Nyanja Yofiira, mu doko la berbera. Chiwerengero cha anthu mdziko muno ndi ochezeka, khomo lotseguka, kotero apaulendo amatha kuwona misika ya Hargeisa, mapiri a Sheikh…

rock art ku Africa

Somaliland ili m'njira yakeyake, yakutchire, kwawo kwa anthu oyendayenda ndipo zasintha pang’ono m’zaka mazana ambiri. Ndizowona kuti si za aliyense, koma ngati ndinu wokonda ku Africa, ndi kopita komwe simungaphonye panjira yanu. Ndikoyenera kunena kuti pali zisankho zaulere zaka zisanu zilizonse.

Mogadishu

Kumbali yake, ulendo wopita Somalia amayang'ana kuthera masiku angapo Mogadishu, likulu ndi mzinda waukulu kwambiri m’dzikoli. Nthaŵi ina, pakati pa zaka za m’ma 70 ndi m’ma 80, nkhondo yapachiŵeniŵeni isanayambike mu 1991, mzindawu unkaonedwa kuti ndi umodzi mwa mizinda yabwino kwambiri padziko lonse, yokhala ndi kamangidwe kake kakale, magombe ake okongola, madoko ake, mgwirizano pakati pa Africa ndi Africa. Asia… Amatchedwa White Pearl ya Indian Ocean ndipo mutha kupita ku nyumba ya pulezidenti, manda a Jubek komanso kukambirana ndi ophunzira aku yunivesite ya Juba.

puntland

Kopita kwina kungakhale Puntland, dziko lolengezedwa lodzilamulira la Somalia yomwe ili kumpoto chakum'mawa kwa dziko lodzitcha lokha la Somaliland lomwe tidakambiranapo kale. Puntland kapena Puntland anali mbali ya Italy ya Somalia munthawi ya atsamunda, koma mu 1998, idapanga chisankho chodziyimira pawokha. Zoonadi zinthu ndizosemphana, koma ngati mumakonda ulendo mutha kupita. Ili ndi gombe lalitali komanso lokongola, nyengo yabwino yofunda komanso magombe okongola. Ili ndi mwayi wopita ku Gulf of Aden ndi Indian Ocean ndipo ndi yokongola kuyenda koma ... pali achifwamba.

mawonekedwe a Horn of Africa

Nanga bwanji za Ethiopia? M’dziko lokongolali, apaulendo angakumane Harar, Malo Odziwika Padziko Lonse, ndi afisi akutchire ndi misewu yakale, Msika wa Dire Dawa womwe umagwira ntchito mkati mwa mzinda wakale wokhala ndi mipanda, ndipo ndithudi, likulu la Addis Ababa. 

Choonadi ndi chimenecho lero mutha kupita ku Horn of Africa, kuchita zokopa alendo, nthawi zonse paulendo ndi mosamala. Maulendo owongolera amakhala ndi chitetezo ndipo ndikuganiza kuti simungaganizire njira ina yodziwira gawo ili la Africa.

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

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