Nyanja zazikulu kwambiri 5 padziko lapansi

Nyanja

Takhala tikudziwika kuti dziko lathuli ndi "pulaneti labuluu" ndipo tsopano kuchuluka kwa madzi omwe alipo padziko lapansi pano kulibe kanthu poyerekeza ndi zaka mamiliyoni zapitazo. Pakadali pano nyanja zam'nyanja zathu zimakhala zoposa 70% zam'mlengalenga ndipo pali okwana asanu omwe mwa iwo tikufotokoza zazikulu zitatu, ndiye Atlantic, Indian ndi Pacific. Komabe, lero ndikufuna kukuwuzaninso pang'ono za iwo kuti kuwonjezera pakuwadziwa ndi zina zambiri, mutha kudziwa momwe madongosolo awo alili malinga ndi kuwonjezera kwawo.

Pali nyanja imodzi yokha

Nyanja za Skagen

Chithunzi cha Wanderspots

Ngakhale m'nkhaniyi ndikufuna kukufotokozerani zambiri za nyanja zisanu zomwe zilipo padzikoli, chowonadi ndichakuti onse 5 ali munyanja yomweyo, koma kutengera komwe akukhala, amalandira dzina lina kuti athe kuwapeza ndendende.

Ngakhale pali nyanja imodzi yokha yapadziko lonse lapansi, madzi ambiri omwe amakhudza 70 peresenti ya dziko lapansi, koma amagawika m'magawo osiyanasiyana. Malire pakati pa zigawozi asintha pakapita nthawi pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana, zikhalidwe, malo, komanso sayansi.

M'mbuyomu, panali nyanja zinayi: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, ndi Arctic. Komabe, mayiko ambiri - kuphatikiza United States - tsopano azindikiranso Nyanja Yakumwera (Antarctica) ngati nyanja yachisanu. Koma Pacific, Atlantic, ndi Indian Ocean amadziwika ngati nyanja zazikulu zitatu zapadziko lapansi chifukwa chakukula kwake.

Nyanja ya Antarctic ndi nyanja yatsopano, koma si mayiko onse omwe amavomereza malire omwe aperekedwa kunyanjayi (imachokera kugombe la Antarctica), koma pakadali pano ndi nyanja yachisanu ndipo iyenera kuganiziridwa kuti izitha kuyitchula yonse. Chotsatira ndikulankhula nanu m'mizere yambiri kuti mudziwe zambiri za nyanja zisanu zilizonse zomwe zili mkati mwa Nyanja yayikulu yokha.

Nyanja ya Pacific

nyanja ya Pacific

Kukulitsa: 166.240.992,00 ma kilomita.

Nyanja yayikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi pano ili ndi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a Dziko lapansi ndipo imayambira ku Arctic kumpoto mpaka ku Antarctica kumwera, yokhala ndi zilumba zoposa 25.000, zomwe ndizofanana ndi nyanja zina zonse kuphatikiza. Nyanja ya Pacific ili ndi 30% ya Dziko Lapansi ndipo ili pakati pa America mpaka Kum'mawa kwa Pacific Ocean basin ndi makontinenti aku Asia ndi Australia kumadzulo. Equator imagawaniza Nyanja ya North Pacific ndi Nyanja ya South Pacific.

Dzinalo limachokera ku mawu oti "mtendere", ndipo adalandira dzinali kuchokera kukafufuza wofufuza ku Portugal dzina lake Fernando Magellan mu 1521 adatcha madzi awa "Pacific Ocean" kutanthauza nyanja yamtendere. Nyanja zake zakhala zikuwoloka zombo zambiri m'mbiri yonse.

Nyanja ya Atlantic

Nyanja ya Atlantic

Kukulitsa: 82.558.000,00 ma kilomita.

Chachiwiri chowonjezera chimayambira kumpoto kwa Arctic Ocean mpaka kumwera kwa Antarctic Ocean, komwe kumakhala 20% yapadziko lonse lapansi. Kuphatikiza apo, amadziwika kuti ndi nyanja yaying'ono kwambiri kuposa zonse, yomwe idapangidwa zaka 200 miliyoni zapitazo pamene kontrakitala wamkulu Pangea adagawika.

Equator imagawaniza Nyanja ya Atlantic ku North Atlantic Ocean ndi South Atlantic Ocean. ndipo ili pakati pa America ndi maiko aku Europe ndi East Africa. Equator imagawaniza Nyanja ya Atlantic ku North Atlantic Ocean ndi South Atlantic Ocean.

Pali zilumba zambiri m'nyanja ya Atlantic, zomwe zimadziwika kwambiri ndi izi: The Bahamas, Canary Islands (Spain), Azores (Portugal), Cape Verde Islands, Greenland, yomwe si chilumba chachikulu kwambiri m'nyanja ya Atlantic, koma komanso padziko lapansi.

Mawu omwe amachokera ku 'Atlantic' amachokera ku nthano zachi Greek zomwe zikutanthauza kuti 'Nyanja ya Atlas'. Atlas anali titan yemwe amayenera kukhala m'mphepete mwa dziko lapansi ndikunyamula zakumwamba (mabwalo akumwamba) paphewa pake ngati chilango chokhazikitsidwa ndi Zeus kuyambira Atlas atamenya nkhondo ndi milungu ya Olimpiki kuti izilamulira zakumwamba.

Indian Ocean

Indian Ocean

Kukulitsa: 75.427.000,00 ma kilomita.

Kuphimba pafupifupi 20% yapadziko lapansi, Indian Ocean ili ndi udindo wosambitsa magombe a Middle East, South Asia, Australia, East Africa ndi Southeast Asia.

Pali zilumba zambiri m'nyanja ya Indian, zomwe zimadziwika kwambiri ndi izi: Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, Madagascar, The Comoros (Spain), Maldives (Portugal), Sri Lanka, yemwe kale amadziwika kuti Ceylon. Dzinali limachokera kumalo ozungulira chilumba cha India.

Nyanja ya Antartic

Nyanja ya Antartic

Kukulitsa: 20.327.000,00 ma kilomita.

Nyanja yomwe imalowera kumapeto ndi Nyanja ya Antarctic, yomwe imazungulira Antarctica, kuzungulira dziko lonse lapansi, monga momwe Nyanja ya Arctic imachitira. Nyanjayi imadziwikanso kuti Nyanja Yakumwera.

Kapangidwe ka nyanjayi kamakhala ndi malo osungira makilomita 260 m'lifupi mwake omwe amafikira kutalika kwa makilomita 2.600 kufupi ndi Weddell ndi Ross Seas.

Nyanja ya Arctic

Nyanja ya Arctic

Kukulitsa: 13.986.000,00 ma kilomita.

Pomaliza, tili ndi Nyanja ya Arctic, yomwe imayang'anira North Pole, yomwe imakhala ndi madzi oundana ambiri chaka chonse. Izi zili kumpoto kwa kontrakitala wathu, Asia ndi America. Nyanja ya Arctic ndi yaying'ono kwambiri m'nyanja zonse koma ili ndi nyanja zomwe sizidziwika kwenikweni chifukwa cha nyengo yake yoipa komanso madzi oundana azaka zonse ozungulira nyanja.

Pafupifupi nyanja, Arctic Ocean ili m'malire ndi Greenland, Canada, Alaska, Russia, ndi Norway. Bering Strait yolumikizana ndi Pacific Ocean ndipo Greenland Sea ndiye cholumikizira chachikulu kunyanja ya Atlantic.

Malo oundana a m'nyanja ya Arctic Ocean akuchepa ndi 8% zaka khumi zilizonse.  Tonsefe tiyenera kudziwa zomwe zikuchitika pakusintha kwanyengo ndi kuteteza dziko lathu lapansi.

Kodi mukufuna kusungitsa wowongolera?

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*