Oxford ikhala ndi chionetsero ku Tolkien mu 2018

Chithunzi | Zolemba zenizeni

Mu 2018, chiwonetsero chachikulu chokhudza JRR Tolkien chidzachitika ku Oxford chomwe chimalonjeza kukopa zikwi za mafani ndi akatswiri ochokera kumadera onse padziko lapansi. Chiwonetserochi chichitika ku Weston Library, Oxford Bodleian Libraries, pakati pa Julayi 1 ndi Okutobala 28, 2018.

Ngati mumakonda ntchito ya Tolkien, pansipa mupeza zonse za chiwonetserochi.

Oxford ndi JRR Tolkien

Padziko lonse lapansi wodziwika kuti ndiye wolemba 'Lord of the Rings', m'moyo anali katswiri wazachikhalidwe wokhudzana ndi kapangidwe kazilankhulo komanso maphunziro apamwamba a Old English ndi Middle English.

Ali ndi zaka 19 adabwera ku Oxford kuti akaphunzire Zinenero Zakale ku Exeter College koma adasinthira ku Chingerezi pambuyo pake. Atatumikira pankhondo yoyamba yapadziko lonse, adabwerera kumzinda kukagwira ntchito ku New English Dictionary yomwe pambuyo pake imadzadziwika kuti Oxford English Dictionary.

Anakhalanso zaka zisanu ku Leeds kuti azigwira ntchito yophunzitsa Chingerezi ku yunivesite yake mpaka mu 1925 atabwerera ku Oxford kukaphunzitsa m'makoleji osiyanasiyana, komwe amakhala komwe amakhala moyo wake wonse.

Chithunzi | Laibulale ya Bodleian

Kodi chionetserocho chidzakhala chotani?

Pansi pamutu wakuti "Tolkien, Mlengi wa Middle-earth", pamipukutu, mamapu, zojambula, zida zamagetsi ndi makalata ochokera ku United States ndi United Kingdom adzasonkhanitsidwa koyamba kuyambira zaka za m'ma 1950. monga Tolkien Archive yayikulu ya Bodleian Libraries, Tolkien Collection ya American Marquette University ndi magulu osiyanasiyana azinsinsi.

Chiwonetserocho chikuyendera mayiko olemba, opanga, ophunzira komanso owerengera nyumba omwe adakopa JRR Tolkien ngati waluso komanso wolemba, ndikupeza mawonekedwe atsopano a wolemba wolemekezedwayo ndikulola anthu kulumikizana kuposa kale ndi ntchito yake.

Chithunzi | Fufuzani

Tidzapeza chiyani mmenemo?

  • Zolembedwa pamanja zoyambirira za Lord of the Rings pamodzi ndi zokongola zamadzi ndi mapangidwe azophimba.
  • Zolemba za The Hobbit zowonetsa kusinthika kwa nkhaniyi ndi mamapu kuti afalitsidwe, zojambula, zotchingira madzi ndi kapangidwe ka zikuto.
  • A Silmarillion nawonso adzapezekapo pa chiwonetserocho ndi zolembedwa pamanja zoyambirira za ntchito yosamalizika iyi yopeka yanthano.
  • Mamapu osankhidwa a Middle-earth omwe adapezeka mu 2015 omwe akuphatikizira zolemba zomwe wolemba adazipeza mu 2016 ndi Bodleian Library.
  • Zojambula zosiyanasiyana, zaluso, ndi laibulale ya Tolkien
  • Makalata ndi zithunzi kuyambira ali mwana Tolkien komanso nthawi yomwe anali wophunzira komwe amakambirana mitu monga kutayika, nkhondo komanso chikondi.

Chiwonetserocho chidzatsagana ndi kutulutsa kwa buku lokhala ndi zithunzi lotchedwa 'Tolkien: Mlengi wa Middle-Earth', pa Meyi 25, 2018, yomwe idzakhala mndandanda waukulu kwambiri wa JRR Tolkien wofalitsidwa mu buku limodzi. Idzakhala ndi kope lokhala ndi zithunzi zolimba komanso zolemba zochepa kwa osonkhanitsa, zokhala ndi zojambula za Tolkien, mamapu ndi zolembedwa pamanja. Tsiku lomwelo lidzasindikizidwanso mthumba la 'Tolkien: chuma'.

Kodi idzachitikira kuti?

Weston Library, Oxford Bodleian Libraries, ndi yomwe izichita nawo chiwonetsero cha wolemba mabuku komanso wamaphunziro a zamaphunziro a JRR Tolkien. Pakhomo lachiwonetserocho padzakhala chaulere koma matikiti a nthawi yokhazikika amatha kupezeka pa intaneti.

Mtengo Wokondedwa wa Tolkien | Chithunzi kudzera pa Pinterest

Njira yodutsa ku Tolkien's Oxford

JRR Tolkien anali mlengi wa Middle Earth, wopatsa chilengedwe chonse mwabwino kwambiri m'mabuku. Maganizo ake akulu adamupangitsa kuti akhale ndi pakati 'The Hobbit' (1937) ndi 'Lord of the Rings' (1954 - 1955). Pogwiritsa ntchito ulendowu pachionetsero chomwe chidzachitike kuyambira Julayi 1 ku Oxford, ndibwino kuti muziyandikira malo omwe adakulimbikitsani kuti mupange dziko lapansi wapadera komanso osangalatsa. Nawa ena mwa iwo:

Minda ya Botanic

Imodzi mwamakona omwe amawakonda ku Oxford. Umenewu unali mtengo wake wokondedwa, mtengo wakuda waku Austrian womwe udadulidwa mu 2014 patatha zaka 215.

Mwa Lord of the Rings, mitengo imakhala yamoyo ngati Ents ndikuthandizira ngwazi pakufuna kwawo kulimbana ndi mphamvu zoyipa.

Chithunzi | Amayi Anasokonezedwa

Merton College

Pakati pa 1945 ndi 1959 Tolkien anali pulofesa wa Chingerezi ndi zolemba ku Merton College. Wolemba anali kukhala pansi ndikulemba panja patebulo lakale m'minda.

Makhalidwewa akukumbutsa za komwe khonsolo ya Elrond ku Rivendell idachitikira, komwe bungwe lotchuka la The Ring of the Ring lidatulukira.

Chithunzi | Wikimedia

Museum wa Ashmolean

Ndiyo nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale zoyunivesite padziko lonse lapansi. Munjira zake zimatha kupeza zinthu kuchokera ku Egypt wakale, zojambula za Titian, Rembrandt, Manet kapena Picasso, zojambula za Leonardo da Vinci kapena Michelangelo komanso mphete zagolide zomwe zidalembedwa pamwamba pake. Kodi zikumveka ngati zachilendo kwa inu?

Chithunzi | Wikimedia

Mphungu & Mwana

M'malo osindikizira awa pakati pa 1933 ndi 1962 Tolkien ndi mamembala ena a gulu lolemba The Inklings ankakumana pamisonkhano yokhudza mabuku ndikusangalala ndikumenyanitsa matoyi ndi painti wokoma.

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