Zoyendera ku Toledo

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Toledo ndi umodzi mwamizinda yokongola komanso yosungidwa bwino kwambiri ku Europe. Umadziwika kuti 'mzinda wazikhalidwe zitatu' chifukwa chakukhalapo kwazaka zana pakati pa akhristu, Ayuda ndi Aluya, chuma chambiri chambiri chidatulukira kuti chaka chilichonse chimakopa alendo zikwizikwi kuchokera kumakona onse.

Mbiri yakale yojambula ku Toledo ikusandutsa likulu lakale la Spain kukhala malo owonetsera zakale, adalengezedwa ndi UNESCO kuti ndi World Heritage Site. Chitani nafe ulendowu kubwerera nthawi kuti mupeze zomwe mungawone mu umodzi mwamizinda yokongola kumwera kwa Europe.

Cathedral ya Santa Maria

Ndi mbambande ya Spanish Gothic ndipo amodzi mwa malo ofunikira kukaona ku Toledo. Kunja kwake kuli kokongola ndipo kumakhala ndi mbali zitatu: chachikulu (chokongoletsedwa bwino kwambiri pomwe nsanja yayitali ya mita 92), Puerta del Reloj (choyambirira chomenyera kumbuyo) ndi Puerta de los Leones (chomaliza chomangidwa) ).

Kuti muwone zamkati ndikofunikira kugula tikiti. Chofunika kwambiri ndikuti mugule wathunthu chifukwa umakupatsani mwayi wokaona chipinda ndikukwera nsanja, pomwe pali malingaliro osangalatsa amzindawo. Kuphatikiza pa zonsezi tiyenera kuwonjezera kuti mudzatha kuwona chapamwamba chokongola, nyumba yamutu, mawindo okhala ndi magalasi, nyumba yopemphereramo ya Mozarabic, chuma, malo osungiramo zinthu zakale ndi sacristy komanso ku New Kings Chapel komwe kuli zotsalira zingapo mafumu amzindawu amapuma.

Nyumba ya amonke ku San Juan de los Reyes

Nyumba ya amonke ku San Juan de los Reyes inamangidwa pempho la Amfumu Achikatolika mu 1476 ndipo amadziwika kuti ndi chitsanzo chabwino kwambiri cha kalembedwe ka Elizabethan Gothic. Mbali yakumpoto ndiyabwino koma yabwino mkati mwake: chipinda chake chamiyala iwiri chodzaza ziboliboli ndi zokongoletsa zomwe zimaphatikiza masitaelo a Gothic ndi Mudejar. Pamwamba chapamwamba, kutchulidwa kwapadera kumayenera denga lokongola lokhalamo ndipo kale mkati mwa tchalitchi ndi malo opatulika a Holy Cross.

Alcazar waku Toledo

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Kumtunda kwambiri kwa mzindawu, nyumba ili ponseponse pazithunzi za Toledo: Alcázar yake. Amakhulupirira kuti m'malo ano panali mitundu ina yamalinga kuyambira nthawi yachiroma yomwe imawonekera bwino malowa.

Pambuyo pake, Emperor Carlos V ndi mwana wake wamwamuna Felipe II adabwezeretsanso mzaka za m'ma 1540. M'malo mwake, wogonjetsayo Hernán Cortés adalandiridwa ndi Carlos I ku Alcázar atagonjetsa ufumu wa Aztec. Zaka mazana ambiri pambuyo pake, mkati mwa Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni ya Spain, Alcázar ya Toledo inawonongedweratu ndipo inayenera kumangidwanso. Pakadali pano ndi likulu la Army Museum kuti muwone mkatikati mwake muyenera kugula tikiti.

Komabe, kulowa mu Library ya Castilla-La Mancha, pamwamba pake pa Alcázar ku Toledo, ndi kwaulere ndipo mumawona mzindawu modabwitsa.

Woyera Maria Woyera

Kudera lakale lachiyuda la Toledo ndi sunagoge yemwe adasandulika tchalitchi chotchedwa Santa María la Blanca. Ndi nyumba ya Mudejar yomangidwa mchaka cha 1180 cha kupembedza kwachiyuda komwe kumadziwika ndi mawonekedwe ake akunja poyerekeza ndi mkatikati mwa zokongoletsa zazitsulo za akavalo, zipilala zopingasa ndi makoma oyera.

Sunagoge wina yemwe tiyenera kuyendera ndi sunagoge wa ku Tránsito wazaka za m'ma XNUMX, momwe muli nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale za Sephardic mkati mwake ndipo muli denga lokongola lamatabwa lofunika kuliwona.

Alcantara Bridge

Chithunzi | Pixabay

Njira yofala kwambiri yolowera mumzinda wokhala ndi mpanda wa Toledo mukafika basi kapena sitima ndikudutsa mlatho waku Roma wa Alcántara. Unamangidwa pamtsinje wa Tagus mu 98 AD ndipo ndi wautali pafupifupi 200 mita ndi 58 mita kutalika. Khoma lake lapakati limaperekedwa kwa mfumu Trajan ndi anthu oyandikana nawo omwe adagwirizana pomanga.

Ngati mumakonda milatho ku Toledo, muyeneranso kudziwa mlatho wa San Martín kuyambira nthawi zakale, womwe umadutsanso Mtsinje wa Tagus koma umakhala tsidya lina la mzindawo.

Mzere wa Zocodover

Plaza de Zocodover, likulu la mitsempha ndi lalikulu lalikulu kwazaka zambiri, ndi amodzi mwamalo okhala ndi mpweya wabwino kwambiri ku Toledo. Ndi bwalo lachitetezo lozunguliridwa ndi nyumba za zomangamanga za Castilia pomwe m'misika yapitayi, ndewu zamphongo zamphongo, ziwonetsero zinkachitika ... masitepe ake. Kuphatikiza apo, awa ndi ena mwa masitolo omwe amagulitsa marzipan abwino kwambiri ku Castilla-La Mancha. Simungachoke osayesa!

Mpingo wa Santo Tomé

Mu mpingo uno ndi imodzi mwazinthu zodziwika bwino za El Greco: "The Burial of the Count of Orgaz." Kuti muwone muyenera kulipira tikiti kuti mulowe mkati. Chithunzichi chidapangidwa polemekeza munthu wolemekezeka amene anali wothandiza kwambiri ku Toledo ndipo adadziwika chifukwa cha ntchito zake zachifundo, zomwe zidathandizira kumangidwanso kwamatchalitchi ngati awa.

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