Cibeles curiosity

Umthombo weCibeles

Kwazise ilukuluku of Cibeles, umthombo odumile waseMadrid, kusho ukubuyela emuva emakhulwini eminyaka adlule. Kungaleso sikhathi lapho kwaqalwa khona amaphrojekthi hlobisa idolobha laseMadrid ngokombono wobuhle be i-neoclassicism.

UCybele, ezinganekwaneni zamaGreki, wayengunina wonkulunkulu, kodwa futhi uhlobo Unkulunkulukazi womhlaba. Futhi kusukela ezikhathini zasendulo yayimelelwe enqoleni edonswa amabhubesi njengophawu lokuphakama kwemvelo (nokho-ke, izilwane zihlanganisa abanye abantu ababili basenganekwaneni: ama-hypomenes y Atalanta). Kakade ngezikhathi zamaRoma, kwaba Rea o Magna Mater (Umama Omkhulu), okusho ukuthi, empeleni, ukuguqulwa kwegama kuphela, njengoba ukufanekisa kwalo kwaqhubeka kufana. Ngemva kokwenza lesi singeniso esidingekayo, sizokukhombisa ezinye zezinto ezikhangayo zamaCibeles.

Ilukuluku lokwakhiwa kwayo

Cibeles amabhubesi

Imininingwane yamabhubesi omthombo

Ukwakhiwa komthombo weCibeles kwaqala ngo-1777 njengenye yezinto ezazizohlobisa indawo ezungezile. Indawo yaseJerónimos, indawo yamanje ye I-Paseo del Prado. Kuphrojekthi efanayo, i- Museum of Natural Sciences (okuyinto namuhla, ngokuqondile, iPrado), the Ingadi yaseRoyal Botanical nezinye izikhala ezimbalwa eziluhlaza.

Amakhilogremu ayizinkulungwane eziyishumi imabula ekhadinali kusuka ezinkwalini ezimbili. Lawa kwakungama i-Montesclaros eToledo kanye ukubuyisa eMadrid. Ngokunjalo, umoya we-classicist wangaleso sikhathi waveza ukwakhiwa kweminye imithombo emibili enemisuka yezinganekwane, okungaba abakwaNeptune kanye no-Apollo. Yonke leyo ndawo, esivele iqediwe, yaziwa phakathi kwabantu baseMadrid ngokuthi Ihholo lasePrado, ngoba kulapho ababezohamba khona babuye bazijabulise.

Nokho, ngokwenye inkolelo-mbono, umthombo wakwaCibeles wawudalelwe ukuba ube khona ukuhlobisa izingadi zaseLa Granja de San Ildefonso, eSegovia. Kunoma yikuphi, yafakwa kulokho okwakubizwa ngaleso sikhathi I-Madrid Square, iPlaza de Cibeles yamanje, ngo-1782, nakuba ingazange isebenze kwaze kwaba yiminyaka eyishumi kamuva.

Ukushintsha kwendawo

AmaCIbele avela phezulu

Ukubuka okusemoyeni komthombo weCibeles

Ngokuqondile, enye yezinto ezikhangayo zamaCibeles ukuthi, empeleni, yayingekho phakathi nendawo, kodwa. eduze kweBuenavista Palace. Kwakungo-1895 lapho ithuthelwa kuleyo ngxenye yomgwaqo, kuyilapho ezinye izakhi zenezelwa kuyo. Lokhu kuyisimo seqembu eliqoshiwe engxenyeni engaphambili kanye nesiteji esinezinyathelo ezine ngamamitha amathathu ukuphakama.

Kodwa futhi kwasuswa imifanekiso yebhere nodrako, kanye nompopo uqobo aphuma ngawo amanzi. Ngoba umthombo nawo wawunensizakalo ewusizo: kwakuyindawo lapho abathwali bamanzi kanye nezakhamuzi zendawo beya khona ukuze bagcwalise amathangi abo. Ngendlela, le nqubo yesimanje yaphakamisa a impikiswano ebalulekile ngesikhathi sakhe phakathi Iholide laseDolobheni futhi i IRoyal Academy Yezobuciko Obuhle baseSan Fernando.

Nokho, njengoba abantu baseMadrid babeqhubeka bedinga amanzi, kwakhiwa omunye umthombo omncane ekhoneni lesikwele, ikakhulukazi ePosini. Ngokushesha kwabizwa umthombo futhi yaduma kakhulu, kangangokuthi kwanikezelwa ingoma kuyo ethi "amanzi avela kuFuentecilla, angcono kakhulu aphuzwa yiMadrid ...".

Abadali bayo kanye nenganekwane

Ibhange laseSpain

IBhange LaseSpain, ePlaza de Cibeles

Okunye futhi okuyingxenye yelukuluku leCibeles ukuguquguquka abakhi bayo okwakudingeka babhekane nakho kanye nezinganekwane ezihambisana nayo. Impela eyodwa yalezi ithi, uma kwenzeka kuzanywa ukugebenga IGold Chamber yeBhange laseSpain, ebheke esigcawini, amakamelo ayezovalwa futhi agcwaliswe ngamanzi avela esiphethwini saseCibeles.

Ngokuqondene nabadwebi abalolonge lesi sikhumbuzo, umklamo waso wenziwa umakhi omkhulu wezakhiwo UVentura Rodríguez. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umfanekiso kankulunkulukazi wawuwumsebenzi womqophi UFrancisco Gutierrez, kuyilapho izingonyama zibangelwa amaFulentshi URobert Michael. Ngokuqondene nama-valances enqola, angawo UMiguel Jiménez, owathola amareas angu-8400 XNUMX ngomsebenzi wakhe.

Ngasekuqaleni kuka-1791, UJuan de Villanueva uthunyiwe Alfonso Bergaz imifanekiso yebhere nodrako eyayizohoxiswa kamuva. Bobabili babenamapayipi ethusi emlonyeni okwakuphuma kuwo amanzi. Ngendlela, lokhu kwavela ohambweni lwamanzi noma igalari engaphansi komhlaba kusukela ezikhathini zamaSulumane ezilethe futhi izakhiwo zokuphulukisa zathiwa kukho. Kamuva, ama-putti amabili adalwe ngu UMiguel Angel Trilles y Antonio Parera. Baphinde babeke nemithombo eminingi yamanzi eyakha izimpophoma nokukhanya okunemibala okuhlobise leli tshe lesikhumbuzo.

I "Pretty Cover"

AmaCibele aneqhwa

Iqhwa elimboze umthombo

Phakathi neMpi Yombango, iziphathimandla zavala umthombo weCibeles ngezikhwama zobumba ukuze ziwuvikele ekuqhunyisweni kwamabhomu. Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, abantu abahlale behlakaniphile baseMadrid bambhapathiza njengo "Linda Covered". Eqinisweni, itholakala enkabeni yedolobha. Ikona ngalinye lesikwele salo lingelakhe indawo ehlukile kanye nezitaladi ezibalulekile njenge eyase-Alcalá kanye ne-Paseo del Prado.

Iphinde izungezwe izakhiwo ezine eziyisikhumbuzo eMadrid. Imayelana nalokhu okukhulunywe ngakho ngenhla Ibhange laseSpain kanye ne Izigodlo zaseLinares, Ezokuxhumana kanye neBuenavista. Lesi sakamuva, ikomkhulu leNhloko Yezempi, siwukwakhiwa kwekhulu leshumi nesishiyagalombili elinezingadi zesitayela saseFrance ngenxa yalokhu okukhulunywe ngakho ngenhla. UVentura Rodríguez.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, Telecommunications noma Cibeles kuyisimangaliso sesitayela se-eclectic esihlanganisa izakhi zesimanjemanje, i-platelesque kanye ne-baroque. Yakhiwa ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-XNUMX kulandela iphrojekthi ka Joaquin Otamendi y Antonio Palacios. Sikweluleka ukuthi ungaphuthelwa indawo yayo yokwamukela izivakashi enhle futhi, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ukhuphukele endaweni ebabazekayo umbono lokho kukuthwesa umqhele futhi kukunikeza ukubukwa okuhle kwesikhungo saseMadrid.

Ngokuqondene ne linares Palace Iyigugu le-neo-baroque elakhiwa ekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX. Idizayini yayo ingenxa yomakhi wezakhiwo waseFrance Adolf Ombrecht, ebhekelele ezinye izindlu zikanokusho ezifana nesigodlo saseMarquis of Portugalete. Futhi igcina izinganekwane eziningi.

Imikhosi yebhola, enye yezinto ezinhle kakhulu ze-Cibeles

Umgubho kumaCibeles

Umgubho waseMadrid eCibeles

Cishe uyazi ukuthi ifonti isetshenziswa abalandeli of the I-Real Madrid ukugubha ukunqoba kwabo kwezemidlalo. Kunalokho, enye club edolobheni, the Atletico, uyayenza I-Neptune's. Nokho, leli siko lalingekho ngaso sonke isikhathi.

Kuze kube ngu-1991, womabili amaqembu abe namaCibeles njengendawo yokubungaza kwawo. Nokho, ngalowo nyaka bahlangana kowamanqamu Copa del Rey ngakho-ke abalandeli be-Atlético banquma ukushintsha ezabo ngokuyithuthela ePlaza de Neptuno eseduze ukuze bazihlukanise namagama abo e-Merengue.

Ngemuva kokuzamazama nokunyamalala

Cibeles ebusuku

Umthombo okhanyisiwe ebusuku

Mhlawumbe awazi ukuthi umthombo wakwaCibeles unawo i-replica ngqo eMexico City. Yanikelwa ngumphakathi wabaseSpain abahlala ezweni lama-Aztec futhi yavulwa ngo-1980 nokuba khona kwemeya yaseMadrid yangaleso sikhathi. U-Enrique Tierno Galvan. Kodwa akusiyo yodwa. Esigodini esiseduze sase I-Getafe kukhona omunye omncane obhapathiziwe njengo i-cibelinanakuba kungaqondile. Ibukeka kakhulu njengaleyo efakwe kude Beijing, inhlokodolobha ye- Republic of People of China.

ukunyamalala

I-Cibeles ne-Palace of Telecommunications

Ukubuka komthombo weCibeles kanye neSigodlo Sezokuxhumana

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, njengoba sanitshela, lesikhumbuzo senziwe izinguquko eziningana. Futhi, phakathi kwezinto ezithokozisayo zeCibeles yile ukunyamalala kwezinye zezakhi ezasuswa kuleyo misebenzi. Ngokwesibonelo, ekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX, yabekwa isango ukuyivikela, eyayizohoxiswa nezinguquko ekupheleni kwekhulu lama-XNUMX. Kodwa akekho owayazi ukuthi igebe lishonephi. Kwaze kwatholakala ukuthi ibikade isetshenziselwe ukuzungeza indlunkulu ye-bugle ne-drum band Amaphoyisa kaMasipala waseMadrid, ku Ibhuloho laseFrance.

Okufanayo kwenzeka kuqala ibhere figure esesishilo. Lapho isuswa endaweni eyisikhumbuzo, yanyamalala abantu baseMadrid bengazi ukuthi ikuphi. Ekugcineni, kwatholakala ukuthi wayehlobisa enye yezindawo zokuhamba I-Retiro Menagerie. Ngebhere, ipayipi elikhulu lasuswa, futhi ithrekhi nayo yalahleka. Endabeni yakhe uvele wangena izingadi zaseCasa de Cisneros, etholakala eMadrid isikwele sedolobha.

Njengamanje, ibhele lingenile izingadi zeMuseum of the Origins of Madrid, kanye nama-tritons nama-nereids ayekweminye imithombo yenhloko-dolobha, ikakhulukazi e- imithombo yePaseo del Prado. By the way, sikweluleka ukuthi uvakashele le Museum, eyavulwa ngonyaka ka-2000 futhi etholakala Izindlu e- San Isidro kusukela e-Plaza de San Andrés, ngoba kuyathakazelisa kakhulu.

Phakathi kwezingcezu zakhe kugqama okuthiwa Simangaliso Kahle ngoba, ngokusho kwenganekwane, indodana kaSan Isidro yawela kuwo ngaphandle kokuzilimaza. Okungokoqobo okwengeziwe ukwakhiwa kabusha kwe I-chapel yekhulu le-XNUMX okungcweliselwe abangcwele nabayigugu igceke lokuvuselela kabusha kwekhulu XVI. Futhi, eduze kwabo, ungabona cishe izingcezu zemivubukulo eziyizinkulungwane ezimbili ezisuka ePaleolithic ziye e-Arab Madrid.

Sengiphetha, sikubonise okuthile ilukuluku of Cibeles, umthombo odumile we Madrid ngeminyaka engaphezu kwamakhulu amabili yomlando. Kodwa ngeke sikwazi ukumelana nokukutshela futhi. Njengakwamanye amatshe esikhumbuzo amakhulu, umdali walesi wahlanganisa nobubi obuncane. Kwenye ingxenye yakhona lapho ixoxo elincane elibaziweyo. Uma ufuna ukudlala, qhubeka uzame ukukuthola.

Ingabe ufuna ukubhukha umhlahlandlela?

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*